Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Portico Studying E-Book Preservation

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, E-Books, Publishing, Scholarly Books, Scholarly Communication on August 16th, 2007

Portico is launching a e-Book preservation study, which will last the rest of the year.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

In response to several requests from publishers and libraries, Portico is conducting a study in order to assess how to extend its archival infrastructure and service to respond to the emerging need to preserve e-books. During the study we will analyze the structure and preservation needs of e-books and determine what adjustments to Portico's existing, operational and technological infrastructure and the economic model developed to support e-journal preservation might be required in order to respond to this new genre. Portico's e-journal archiving service was developed through a pilot project that drew heavily upon engagement with publisher and library pilot participants. We anticipate that a similar process will be essential in understanding how best to respond to the challenges of e-book preservation. . . .

The current participants in the E-Book Preservation study include:


  • American Math Society
  • Elsevier
  • Morgan Claypool
  • Taylor and Francis


  • Case Western Reserve University
  • Cornell University Library
  • McGill University
  • Texas University Libraries
  • University College of London
  • Yale University Library

Official Release of the kopal Library for Retrieval and Ingest

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on August 14th, 2007

The German National Library and SUB Göttingen have announced the official release of the kopal Library for Retrieval and Ingest on diglib.

Here's an excerpt from the message:

The kopal project (Co-operative Development of a Long-term Digital Information Archive) was dedicated to find a solution to providing not only bitstream preservation but long-term accessibility as well in the form of a cooperatively developed and operated long-term archive for digital data. The German National Library, the Goettingen State and University Library, the Gesellschaft fuer wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung mbH Goettingen, and IBM Germany have been working in close cooperation on a technological solution. The now released software tools mark the successful development of such an archiving solution.

The Open-Source-Software koLibRI is a framework to integrate a long term preservation system as the IBM Digital Information Archiving System (DIAS) into the infrastructure of any institution. In particular, koLibRi organizes the creation and the import of Archival Information Packages into DIAS, and offers functions to retrieve and to govern them. Preservation methods like data customization and migration of data are part of the tasks of long term preservation. koLibRi Version 1.0 provides modules that manage future migration procedures. koLibRI Version 1.0 provides a completely functional and stable condition. Nevertheless, in the context of connecting new partners to the existing long term preservation system, the software will be constantly adjusted to the needs of different partners.

A documentation has been published with the conclusive release that describes the installation and the adjustment of a functional koLibRi-system and the basic internal layout to make individual development possible. The described release is offered for free download. . . .

100 Year Archive Requirements Survey

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on August 14th, 2007

The Storage Networking Industry Association has released the 100 Year Archive Requirements Survey. Access requires registration.

Here's an excerpt from the "Survey Highlights":

  • 80% of respondents declared they have information they must keep over 50 years and 68% of respondents said they must keep it over 100 years. . . .
  • Long-term generally means greater than 10 to 15 years—the period beyond which multiple migrations take place and information is at risk. . .
  • Database information (structured data) was considered to be most at risk of loss. . .
  • Over 40% of respondents are keeping e-Mail records over 10 years. . . .
  • Physical migration is a big problem. Only 30% declared they were doing it correctly at 3-5 year intervals. . . .
  • 60% of respondents say they are ‘highly dissatisfied’ that they will be able to read their retained information in 50 years. . .
  • Help is needed—current practices are too manual, too prone to error, too costly and lack adequate coordination across the organization. . . .

Preserving the Digital Heritage: Principles and Policies

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on August 8th, 2007

The Netherlands National Commission for UNESCO and the European Commission on Preservation and Access have published Preserving the Digital Heritage: Principles and Policies.

Here's an excerpt from the "Preface":

In November 2005, the Netherlands National Commission for UNESCO, in collaboration with the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (National Library of the Netherlands) and UNESCO’s Information Society Division, organized a conference entitled Preserving the Digital Heritage (The Hague, The Netherlands, 4-5 November 2005). It focused on two important issues: the selection of material to be preserved, and the division of tasks and responsibilities between institutions. This publication contains the four speeches given by the keynote speakers, preceded by a synthesis report of the conference.

Metadata Extraction Tool Version 3.2

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata, Open Source Software on July 17th, 2007

The National Library of New Zealand has released version 3.2 of its open-source Metadata Extraction Tool.

Written in Java and XML, the Metadata Extraction Tool has a Windows interface, and it runs under UNIX in command line mode. Batch processing is supported.

Here’s an excerpt from the project home page:

The Tool builds on the Library’s work on digital preservation, and its logical preservation metadata schema. It is designed to:

  • automatically extracts preservation-related metadata from digital files
  • output that metadata in a standard format (XML) for use in preservation activities. . . .

The Metadata Extract Tool includes a number of ‘adapters’ that extract metadata from specific file types. Extractors are currently provided for:

  • Images: BMP, GIF, JPEG and TIFF.
  • Office documents: MS Word (version 2, 6), Word Perfect, Open Office (version 1), MS Works, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, and PDF.
  • Audio and Video: WAV and MP3.
  • Markup languages: HTML and XML.

If a file type is unknown the tool applies a generic adapter, which extracts data that the host system ‘knows’ about any given file (such as size, filename, and date created).

Australian Framework and Action Plan for Digital Heritage Collections

Posted in Copyright, Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Digitization, Scholarly Communication on July 12th, 2007

The Collections Council of Australia Ltd. has released Australian Framework and Action Plan for Digital Heritage Collections, Version 0.C3 for comment.

Here's an excerpt from the document:

This is the Collections Council of Australia's plan to prepare an Australian framework for digital heritage collections. It brings together information shared by people working in archives, galleries, libraries and museums at a Summit on Digital Collections held in 2006. It proposes an Action Plan to address issues shared by the Australian collections sector in relation to current and future management of digital heritage collections.

Curation of Scientific Data: Challenges for Institutions and Their Repositories Podcast

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories, Scholarly Communication on July 3rd, 2007

A podcast of Chris Rusbridge’s "Curation of Scientific Data: Challenges for Institutions and their Repositories" presentation at The Adaptable Repository conference is now available. Rusbridge is Director of the Digital Curation Centre in the UK.

The PowerPoint for the presentation is also available.

Report of the Sustainability Guidelines for Australian Repositories Project (SUGAR)

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Scholarly Communication on June 25th, 2007

The Australian Partnership for Sustainable Repositories (APSR) has released Report of the Sustainability Guidelines for Australian Repositories Project (SUGAR).

Here’s an excerpt from the report:

The Sustainability Guidelines for Australian Repositories service (SUGAR)was intended to support people working in tertiary education institutions whose activities do not focus on digital preservation. The target community creates and digitises content for a range of purposes to support learning, teaching and research. While some have access to technical and administrative support many others may not be aware of what they need to know. The typical SUGAR user may have little interest in discussions surrounding metadata, interoperability or digital preservation, and may simply want to know the essential steps involved in achieving the task at hand.

A key challenge for SUGAR was to provide a suitable level and amount of information to meet the immediate focus of the user and their level of expertise while introducing and encouraging consideration of issues of digital sustainability. SUGAR was also intended to stand alone as an online service unsupported by a helpdesk.

Towards an Open Source Repository and Preservation System

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Open Access, Open Source Software, Scholarly Communication on June 25th, 2007

The UNESCO Memory of the World Programme, with the support of the Australian Partnership for Sustainable Repositories, has published Towards an Open Source Repository and Preservation System: Recommendations on the Implementation of an Open Source Digital Archival and Preservation System and on Related Software Development.

Here’s an excerpt from the Executive Summary and Recommendations:

This report defines the requirements for a digital archival and preservation system using standard hardware and describes a set of open source software which could used to implement it. There are two aspects of this report that distinguish it from other approaches. One is the complete or holistic approach to digital preservation. The report recognises that a functioning preservation system must consider all aspects of a digital repositories; Ingest, Access, Administration, Data Management, Preservation Planning and Archival Storage, including storage media and management software. Secondly, the report argues that, for simple digital objects, the solution to digital preservation is relatively well understood, and that what is needed are affordable tools, technology and training in using those systems.

An assumption of the report is that there is no ultimate, permanent storage media, nor will there be in the foreseeable future. It is instead necessary to design systems to manage the inevitable change from system to system. The aim and emphasis in digital preservation is to build sustainable systems rather than permanent carriers. . . .

The way open source communities, providers and distributors achieve their aims provides a model on how a sustainable archival system might work, be sustained, be upgraded and be developed as required. Similarly, many cultural institutions, archives and higher education institutions are participating in the open source software communities to influence the direction of the development of those softwares to their advantage, and ultimately to the advantage of the whole sector.

A fundamental finding of this report is that a simple, sustainable system that provides strategies to manage all the identified functions for digital preservation is necessary. It also finds that for simple discrete digital objects this is nearly possible. This report recommends that UNESCO supports the aggregation and development of an open source archival system, building on, and drawing together existing open source programs.

This report also recommends that UNESCO participates through its various committees, in open source software development on behalf of the countries, communities, and cultural institutions, who would benefit from a simple, yet sustainable, digital archival and preservation system. . . .

The University of Maine and Two Public Libraries Adopt Emory’s Digitization Plan

Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Presses, Digitization, E-Books, Mass Digitizaton, Open Access, Scholarly Communication on June 21st, 2007

Library Journal Academic Newswire reports that the University of Maine, the Toronto Public Library, and the Cincinnati Public Library will follow Emory University’s lead and digitize public domain works utilizing Kirtas scanners with print-on-demand copies being made available via BookSurge. (Also see the press release: "BookSurge, an Amazon Group, and Kirtas Collaborate to Preserve and Distribute Historic Archival Books.")

Source: "University of Maine, plus Toronto and Cincinnati Public Libraries Join Emory in Scan Alternative." Library Journal Academic Newswire, 21 June 2007.

Emory Will Use Kirtas Scanner to Digitize Rare Books

Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Presses, E-Books, Mass Digitizaton, Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on June 6th, 2007

Emory University’s Woodruff Library will use a Kirtas robotic book scanner to digitize rare books and to create PDF files that will be made available on the Internet and sold as print-on-demand books on Amazon.

Here’s an excerpt from the press release:

"We believe that mass digitization and print-on-demand publishing is an important new model for digital scholarship that is going to revolutionize the management of academic materials," said Martin Halbert, director for digital programs and systems at Emory’s Woodruff Library. "Information will no longer be lost in the mists of time when books go out of print. This is a way of opening up the past to the future."

Emory’s Woodruff Library is one of the premier research libraries in the United States, with extensive holdings in the humanities, including many rare and special collections. To increase accessibility to these aging materials, and ensure their preservation, the university purchased a Kirtas robotic book scanner, which can digitize as many as 50 books per day, transforming the pages from each volume into an Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF). The PDF files will be uploaded to a Web site where scholars can access them. If a scholar wishes to order a bound, printed copy of a digitized book, they can go to and order the book on line.

Emory will receive compensation from the sale of digitized copies, although Halbert stressed that the print-on-demand feature is not intended to generate a profit, but simply help the library recoup some of its costs in making out-of-print materials available.

Implementing the PREMIS Data Dictionary: A Survey of Approaches

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Metadata on June 5th, 2007

The Library of Congress’ Network Development and MARC Standards Office unit has released Implementing the PREMIS Data Dictionary: A Survey of Approaches.

Here is an excerpt from the report’s preface:

The Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies (PREMIS) Working Group developed the Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata, which is a specification containing a set of "core" preservation metadata elements that has broad applicability within the digital preservation community. The PREMIS Data Dictionary (PDD) was released in May 2005 along with a set of XML schemas to support its implementation. Since that time, institutions have begun to implement preservation metadata by providing content for semantic units expressed in the data dictionary or comparing it with planned or existing systems for long-term preservation. . . .

The Library of Congress, as part of the PREMIS maintenance activity, commissioned Deborah Woodyard-Robinson to provide this study to explore how institutions have implemented the PREMIS semantic units. . . . In this study sixteen repositories have been surveyed about their interpretation and application of the PDD, with an analysis then made on how the PREMIS core fits with the functions of a preservation repository and which PDD semantic units will be most relevant to certain types of repositories.

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Digital Scholarship

Copyright © 2005-2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

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