Archive for the 'Open Access' Category

A Look at the Development and Future of Scholarly Communication in High Energy Physics

Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, E-Prints, Open Access, Scholarly Communication on August 6th, 2008

Robert Aymar, Director-General of CERN, has deposited a e-print of "Scholarly Communication in High-Energy Physics: Past, Present and Future Innovations" in the CERN Document Server.

Here's an excerpt from the abstract:

Unprecedented technological advancements have radically changed the way we communicate and, at the same time, are effectively transforming science into e-Science. In turn, this transformation calls for an evolution in scholarly communication. This review describes several innovations, spanning the last decades of scholarly communication in High Energy Physics: the first repositories, their interaction with peer-reviewed journals, a proposed model for Open Access publishing and a next-generation repository for the field.

Of particular interest is his description of the INSPIRE Project, "a fully integrated HEP information platform for the future," that will have "text- and data-mining applications, citation analysis and other tools, and Web 2.0 features."

For further information about INSPIRE, see "Information Systems in HEP get INSPIREd" and the INSPIRE Wiki.

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    Microsoft’s Free Digital Tools for Scholars

    Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Digital Repositories, E-Journal Management and Publishing Systems, Institutional Repositories, Open Access on July 28th, 2008

    At the ninth annual Microsoft Research Faculty Summit, Tony Hey, Corporate Vice President of Microsoft’s External Research Division, discussed a variety of digital tools for scholars.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

    Add-ins. The Article Authoring Add-in for Word 2007 enables metadata to be captured at the authoring stage to preserve document structure and semantic information throughout the publishing process, which is essential for enabling search, discovery and analysis in subsequent stages of the life cycle. The Creative Commons Add-in for Office 2007 allows authors to embed Creative Commons licenses directly into an Office document (Word, Excel or PowerPoint) by linking to the Creative Commons site via a Web service.

    The Microsoft e-Journal Service. This offering provides a hosted, full-service solution that facilitates easy self-publishing of online-only journals to facilitate the availability of conference proceedings and small and medium-sized journals.

    Research Output Repository Platform. This platform helps capture and leverage semantic relationships among academic objects—such as papers, lectures, presentations and video—to greatly facilitate access to these items in exciting new ways.

    The Research Information Centre. In close partnership with the British Library, this collaborative workspace will be hosted via Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 and will allow researchers to collaborate throughout the entire research project workflow, from seeking research funding to searching and collecting information, as well as managing data, papers and other research objects throughout the research process.

    Here's a list that indicates availability.

    • Article Authoring Add-in version 1.0 for Microsoft Office Word 2007 (download)
    • Creative Commons Add-in version 1.0 for Microsoft Office (download)
    • Microsoft Math Add-in for Microsoft Office Word 2007 (download)
    • Microsoft eJournal Service (alpha preview)
    • Research Output Repository Platform ("Currently in a limited alpha release, an open beta version will be available later in 2008.")
    • Research Information Centre ("This service is currently in beta testing. Microsoft intends to share the code widely by the end of the year.")
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      NIH Mandate Works: Article Deposits in PubMed Central Dramatically Increase

      Posted in E-Prints, Open Access, Self-Archiving on July 24th, 2008

      Library Journal Academic Newswire reports that article deposits in PubMed Central have dramatically increased (e.g., 2,593 deposits in May 2008 vs. 948 in May 2007) as a result the NIH mandate, which requires "all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of their final peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication."

      Read more about it at "PubMed Central Submissions Jump Sharply Under New NIH Policy."

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        RoMEO: Now with 400+ Publisher Self-Archiving Policies

        Posted in Author Rights, Copyright, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on July 22nd, 2008

        SHERPA's RoMEO service now contains over 400 publisher self-archiving policies.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        The RoMEO service, provided by the award winning SHERPA Partnership, uses a simple colour-code to classify policies and inform authors of what can be done with their articles, and offers users the ability to:

        • View summaries of publishers' copyright policies in relation to self-archiving
        • View if publisher policies comply with funding regulations, as some publishers are too restrictive and cannot be used to publish funded research
        • To search journal and publisher information by Journal Title, Publisher Name and ISSN

        RoMEO is seen as an essential resource by many in the Open Access community. RoMEO is funded by JISC and the Wellcome Trust. Journal information is kindly provided by the British Library's Zetoc service hosted by MIMAS

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          Bibliography of Open Access Released

          Posted in Bibliographies, Open Access, Scholarly Communication on July 21st, 2008

          The Open Access Directory has released the Bibliography of Open Access.

          The Bibliography of Open Access is based on my Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals, which was published in 2005 by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 License.

          With my permission and the agreement of ARL, most of the Open Access Bibliography has been converted to the MediaWiki format to form the basis of the Bibliography of Open Access. The new bibliography will be authored by registered Open Access Directory users, who can add or edit references. It is under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

          The initial version of new bibliography has live links; however, they were last updated in August 2004, when the text of the Open Access Bibliography was frozen for print publication preparation. These links can now be updated by registered users.

          The Open Access Bibliography, which contains textual sections not found in the Bibliography of Open Access, remains freely available in HTML and PDF formats at Digital Scholarship and as a printed book.

          The Editor of the Open Access Directory is Robin Peek, the Associate Editor is David Goodman, and the Assistant Editor is Athanasia Pontika. The OAD editors, Peter Suber, and myself worked as a team on the initial version of the Bibliography of Open Access.

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            Latest APA Deposit Policy Allows Authors to Self-Archive Articles in Institutional Repositories and on Personal Web Sites

            Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Self-Archiving on July 20th, 2008

            The latest revision of the American Psychological Association's "Document Deposit Policy and Procedures for APA Journals" permits authors to self-archive final peer-reviewed copies of NIH-funded articles in institutional repositories and on personal Web sites.

            Here's an excerpt from the policy:

            Authors of manuscripts to be published in APA journals may post a copy of the final peer-reviewed manuscript, as a word processing, PDF, or other type file, on their personal Web site or on their employer's server after the manuscript is accepted for publication. The following conditions would prevail: The posted article must carry an APA copyright notice and include a link to the APA journal home page, and the posted article must include the following statement: "This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.” APA does not provide electronic copies of the APA published version for this purpose, and authors are not permitted to scan in the APA published version.

            The revised policy also indicates that the final published article may be deposited by the APA in PubMed Central if required by a funding agency other than the NIH (for NIH-funded research "the final 'Word' version of the author-generated manuscript with all changes based on peer-review editorial feedback and found acceptable by the editor" will be deposited by the APA without charging the author's institution).

            Peter Suber has commented on this revised policy in his "New Interim Policy from the APA" posting.

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              Proposed Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association Developing By-Laws

              Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on July 20th, 2008

              A proposed Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association is developing by-laws.

              The latest draft is dated 5/27/08. Gunther Eysenbach, publisher of the Journal of Medical Internet Research, has critiqued it in his "Creating an Organization for Open Access Publishers—But Should We Let Big Publishers Dominate?" posting. David Solomon, co-editor of Medical Education Online, has replied to these concerns in an extensive comment to Eysenbach's posting.

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                SPARC and ARL Refute AAP Assertions about NIH Public Access Policy

                Posted in Copyright, Open Access, Self-Archiving on July 17th, 2008

                SPARC and ARL have released a white paper, NIH Public Access Policy Does Not Affect U.S. Copyright Law, that refutes assertions made by the Association of American Publishers about the NIH Public Access Policy.

                Here's an excerpt from the Summary:

                Contrary to the AAP assertions, the NIH Public Access Policy does not affect U.S. copyright law in any way. NIH has added a condition to pre-existing licensing terms in its grant agreements that affirms it can legally provide public access to publicly funded research. This change in the terms of NIH grant agreements is fully consistent with copyright law. Copyright is an author’s right. Researchers are the authors of the articles they write with NIH support. In exchange for substantial federal funding, these researchers voluntarily agree to grant the federal government a license to provide public access to the results of publicly funded research. NIH receives a non-exclusive license from federally funded researchers, who retain their copyrights and are free to enter into traditional publication agreements with biomedical journals or assign these anywhere they so choose, subject to the license to NIH.

                This change in the terms of the Public Access Policy has no relation to United States compliance with international intellectual property treaties. The Berne Convention on Copyright and the TRIPS Agreement concern the substance of copyright law, not the terms of licenses granted to the United States in exchange for federal funding. It is longstanding federal policy that in all federal contracts that pay for the creation of copyrighted works, the funding agency must receive a copyright license in exchange for federal funding. It is well recognized that these licenses given by authors have no effect on the robust set of protections given to authors in the United States Copyright Act and similarly raise no issues with respect to international copyright law.

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                  APA Backs Off $2,500-per-Article PubMed Central Deposit Fee

                  Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on July 16th, 2008

                  The American Psychological Association is reconsidering its previously announced $2,500-per-article PubMed Central deposit fee. (See the updated Open Access News "APA Will Charge Authors for Green OA" posting.")

                  Here's an excerpt from the APA's just revised "Document Deposit Policy and Procedures for APA Journals":

                  A new document deposit policy of the American Psychological Association (APA) requiring a publication fee to deposit manuscripts in PubMed Central based on research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is currently being re-examined and will not be implemented at this time. . . . APA will soon be releasing more detailed information about the complex issues involved in the implementation of the new NIH Public Access Policy.

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                    Open Access Directory Releases OA Journal Business Models

                    Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on July 16th, 2008

                    The Open Access Directory has released a new Wiki page on OA Journal Business Models.

                    The page currently discusses 11 models, often providing helpful examples:

                    1. Added-value products
                    2. Advertising
                    3. Endowments
                    4. Hybrid OA journals
                    5. Institutional subsidies
                    6. Membership dues
                    7. Non-OA publications
                    8. Publication fees
                    9. Reprints
                    10. Submission fees
                    11. Volunteer effort
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                      Digitize This Book!: Forthcoming Open Access Book

                      Posted in Open Access on July 16th, 2008

                      The University of Minnesota Press will publish Digitize This Book! The Politics of New Media, or Why We Need Open Access Now by Gary Hall, Professor of Media and Performing Arts at Coventry University and Co-Editor of Culture Machine, this October.

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                        National Research Council Canada Mandate

                        Posted in Open Access, Self-Archiving on July 15th, 2008

                        Richard Akerman has announced on the Science Library Pad that the National Research Council Canada has adopted a policy that, effective January 2009, requires all institute peer-reviewed publications and technical reports to be deposited in its institutional repository.

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