Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

The Web at 25 in the U.S.

Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on February 28th, 2014

The Pew Research Center has released The Web at 25 in the U.S..

Here's an excerpt:

In a new national survey to mark the 25th anniversary of the Web, Pew Research finds further confirmation of the incredible spread and impact of the internet:

Adoption: 87% of American adults now use the internet, with near-saturation usage among those living in households earning $75,000 or more (99%), young adults ages 18-29 (97%), and those with college degrees (97%). Fully 68% of adults connect to the internet with mobile devices like smartphones or tablet computers. . . .

Impact: Asked for their overall judgment about the impact of the internet, toting up all the pluses and minuses of connected life, the public's verdict is overwhelmingly positive:

  • 90% of internet users say the internet has been a good thing for them personally and only 6% say it has been a bad thing, while 3% volunteer that it has been some of both.
  • 76% of internet users say the internet has been a good thing for society, while 15% say it has been a bad thing and 8% say it has been equally good and bad.

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    Participatory Design in Academic Libraries: New Reports and Findings

    Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on February 27th, 2014

    The Council on Library and Information Resources has released Participatory Design in Academic Libraries: New Reports and Findings.

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    This report looks at how staff at eight academic institutions gained new insight about how students and faculty use their libraries, and how the staff are using these findings to improve library technologies, space, and services.

    Participatory design is a relatively recent approach to understanding library user behavior. It is based on techniques used in anthropological and ethnographic observation. The report's editor, anthropologist Nancy Fried Foster, led several participatory design workshops for CLIR from 2007 to 2013.

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      The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions

      Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on February 24th, 2014

      The NDSA has released The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      The report takes a measured look at the costs and benefits of the widespread use of the PDF/A-3 format, especially as it effects content arriving in collecting institutions. It provides background on the technical development of the specification, identifies specific scenarios under which the format might be used and suggests policy prescriptions for collecting institutions to consider.

      For example, the report suggests that for memory institutions, the acceptance of embedded files in PDF/A documents would depend on very specific protocols between depositors and archival repositories that clarify acceptable embedded formats and define workflows that guarantee that the relationship between the PDF document and any embedded files is fully understood by the archival institution.

      Additionally, the report notes that the complexity of the PDF format and the wide variance in PDF rendering implementations and creating applications suggests that PDF/A-3 may be appropriate for use in controlled workflows, but may not be an appropriate choice as a general-purpose bundling format.

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        NMC Horizon Report > 2014 Higher Education Edition

        Posted in Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on February 6th, 2014

        The New Media Consortium and EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative have released the NMC Horizon Report > 2014 Higher Education Edition.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        This eleventh edition describes annual findings from the NMC Horizon Project, an ongoing research project designed to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have an impact on learning, teaching, and creative inquiry in education. Six key trends, six significant challenges, and six emerging technologies are identified across three adoption horizons over the next one to five years, giving campus leaders and practitioners a valuable guide for strategic technology planning

        .

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          Fixing the Broken Textbooks Market: How Students Respond to High Textbook Costs and Demand Alternatives

          Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on January 30th, 2014

          The U.S. PIRG Education Fund has released Fixing the Broken Textbooks Market: How Students Respond to High Textbook Costs and Demand Alternatives.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          Today, a survey released by the U.S. PIRG Education Fund shows that 65% of student consumers have opted out of buying a college textbook due to its high price, and of those students, 94% they suffer academically.

          Over the past decade, college textbook prices have increased by 82%, or at three times the rate of inflation. . . .

          Open textbooks are faculty-written and peer-reviewed like traditional textbooks, but they are published under an open license, meaning they are free online, free to download, and affordable in print. 82% of survey respondents said they would do significantly better in a course if the textbook were free online and a hard copy was optional, which is exactly how open textbooks work.

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            State of the Internet Report: Third Quarter, 2013

            Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on January 29th, 2014

            Akamai Technologies, Inc. has released the State of the Internet Report: Third Quarter, 2013.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            This report includes data gathered from across the Akamai Intelligent Platform about attack traffic, broadband adoption, mobile connectivity and other relevant topics concerning the Internet and its usage, as well as trends seen in this data over time.

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              Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review

              Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on January 23rd, 2014

              CREATe has released Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Within the context of the Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy (CREATe) research scope, this literature review investigates the current trends, advantages, disadvantages, problems and solutions, opportunities and barriers in Open Access Publishing (OAP), and in particular Open Access (OA) academic publishing. This study is intended to scope and evaluate current theory and practice concerning models for OAP and engage with intellectual, legal and economic perspectives on OAP. It is also aimed at mapping the field of academic publishing in the UK and abroad, drawing specifically upon the experiences of CREATe industry partners as well as other initiatives such as SSRN, open source software, and Creative Commons. As a final critical goal, this scoping study will identify any meaningful gaps in the relevant literature with a view to developing further research questions. The results of this scoping exercise will then be presented to relevant industry and academic partners at a workshop intended to assist in further developing the critical research questions pertinent to OAP.

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                E-Reading Rises as Device Ownership Jumps

                Posted in E-Books, Electronic Resources, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on January 17th, 2014

                The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has released E-Reading Rises as Device Ownership Jumps.

                Here's an excerpt:

                The percentage of adults who read an e-book in the past year has risen to 28%, up from 23% at the end of 2012. At the same time, about seven in ten Americans reported reading a book in print, up four percentage points after a slight dip in 2012, and 14% of adults listened to an audiobook.

                Though e-books are rising in popularity, print remains the foundation of Americans' reading habits. Most people who read e-books also read print books, and just 4% of readers are "e-book only." Audiobook listeners have the most diverse reading habits overall, while fewer print readers consume books in other formats.

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