Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

Participatory Design in Academic Libraries: New Reports and Findings

Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on February 27th, 2014

The Council on Library and Information Resources has released Participatory Design in Academic Libraries: New Reports and Findings.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This report looks at how staff at eight academic institutions gained new insight about how students and faculty use their libraries, and how the staff are using these findings to improve library technologies, space, and services.

Participatory design is a relatively recent approach to understanding library user behavior. It is based on techniques used in anthropological and ethnographic observation. The report's editor, anthropologist Nancy Fried Foster, led several participatory design workshops for CLIR from 2007 to 2013.

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    The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions

    Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on February 24th, 2014

    The NDSA has released The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions.

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    The report takes a measured look at the costs and benefits of the widespread use of the PDF/A-3 format, especially as it effects content arriving in collecting institutions. It provides background on the technical development of the specification, identifies specific scenarios under which the format might be used and suggests policy prescriptions for collecting institutions to consider.

    For example, the report suggests that for memory institutions, the acceptance of embedded files in PDF/A documents would depend on very specific protocols between depositors and archival repositories that clarify acceptable embedded formats and define workflows that guarantee that the relationship between the PDF document and any embedded files is fully understood by the archival institution.

    Additionally, the report notes that the complexity of the PDF format and the wide variance in PDF rendering implementations and creating applications suggests that PDF/A-3 may be appropriate for use in controlled workflows, but may not be an appropriate choice as a general-purpose bundling format.

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      NMC Horizon Report > 2014 Higher Education Edition

      Posted in Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on February 6th, 2014

      The New Media Consortium and EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative have released the NMC Horizon Report > 2014 Higher Education Edition.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      This eleventh edition describes annual findings from the NMC Horizon Project, an ongoing research project designed to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have an impact on learning, teaching, and creative inquiry in education. Six key trends, six significant challenges, and six emerging technologies are identified across three adoption horizons over the next one to five years, giving campus leaders and practitioners a valuable guide for strategic technology planning

      .

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        Fixing the Broken Textbooks Market: How Students Respond to High Textbook Costs and Demand Alternatives

        Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on January 30th, 2014

        The U.S. PIRG Education Fund has released Fixing the Broken Textbooks Market: How Students Respond to High Textbook Costs and Demand Alternatives.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        Today, a survey released by the U.S. PIRG Education Fund shows that 65% of student consumers have opted out of buying a college textbook due to its high price, and of those students, 94% they suffer academically.

        Over the past decade, college textbook prices have increased by 82%, or at three times the rate of inflation. . . .

        Open textbooks are faculty-written and peer-reviewed like traditional textbooks, but they are published under an open license, meaning they are free online, free to download, and affordable in print. 82% of survey respondents said they would do significantly better in a course if the textbook were free online and a hard copy was optional, which is exactly how open textbooks work.

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          State of the Internet Report: Third Quarter, 2013

          Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on January 29th, 2014

          Akamai Technologies, Inc. has released the State of the Internet Report: Third Quarter, 2013.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          This report includes data gathered from across the Akamai Intelligent Platform about attack traffic, broadband adoption, mobile connectivity and other relevant topics concerning the Internet and its usage, as well as trends seen in this data over time.

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            Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review

            Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on January 23rd, 2014

            CREATe has released Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Within the context of the Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy (CREATe) research scope, this literature review investigates the current trends, advantages, disadvantages, problems and solutions, opportunities and barriers in Open Access Publishing (OAP), and in particular Open Access (OA) academic publishing. This study is intended to scope and evaluate current theory and practice concerning models for OAP and engage with intellectual, legal and economic perspectives on OAP. It is also aimed at mapping the field of academic publishing in the UK and abroad, drawing specifically upon the experiences of CREATe industry partners as well as other initiatives such as SSRN, open source software, and Creative Commons. As a final critical goal, this scoping study will identify any meaningful gaps in the relevant literature with a view to developing further research questions. The results of this scoping exercise will then be presented to relevant industry and academic partners at a workshop intended to assist in further developing the critical research questions pertinent to OAP.

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              E-Reading Rises as Device Ownership Jumps

              Posted in E-Books, Electronic Resources, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on January 17th, 2014

              The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has released E-Reading Rises as Device Ownership Jumps.

              Here's an excerpt:

              The percentage of adults who read an e-book in the past year has risen to 28%, up from 23% at the end of 2012. At the same time, about seven in ten Americans reported reading a book in print, up four percentage points after a slight dip in 2012, and 14% of adults listened to an audiobook.

              Though e-books are rising in popularity, print remains the foundation of Americans' reading habits. Most people who read e-books also read print books, and just 4% of readers are "e-book only." Audiobook listeners have the most diverse reading habits overall, while fewer print readers consume books in other formats.

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                Press and Library Collaboration Survey

                Posted in ARL Libraries, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, University Presses on January 16th, 2014

                The AAUP Library Relations Committee has released the Press and Library Collaboration Survey.

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                The Library Relations Committee of the Association of American University Presses (AAUP) today issued a number of broad conclusions and recommendations for successful collaboration between presses and libraries. These conclusions are the product of extensive surveying and interviews with member institutions of both AAUP and the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), conducted through 2012-2013.

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                  Open Access Monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences Conference 1 and 2 July 2013, The British Library, London

                  Posted in Open Access, Reports and White Papers on November 13th, 2013

                  JISC has released Open Access Monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences Conference 1 and 2 July 2013, The British Library, London.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  The conference report provides an overview of all the presentations and sessions and distils the key messages into four points:

                  • Open access for monographs is not only possible but necessary if we want to be able to innovate, to communicate and disseminate humanities and social science research widely, and to build a sustainable future for the monograph.
                  • Effective quality assurance is key to the successful adoption of OA publishing.
                  • Collaboration throughout the supply chain and across national boundaries will be required
                  • We must be flexible and willing to accommodate innovative models, not only to sustain the monograph, but for peer review, impact and reputation.

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                    Encouraging Digital Scholarly Publishing in the Humanities: White Paper

                    Posted in Digital Humanities, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Books on November 5th, 2013

                    The University of North Georgia has released Encouraging Digital Scholarly Publishing in the Humanities: White Paper.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    This project, led by the University Press of North Georgia, and funded by a Digital Start-Up grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities focused on exploring the peer review process and increasing its usefulness to presses and scholars publishing digitally. By exploring this issues we have made recommendations for best practices in digital publishing, specifically for small academic presses. Through surveys and a workshop of key stakeholder groups (press directors, college administrators, humanities faculty, and library/technology center directors), we found a strong investment in the "gold standard" of double- or single-blind peer review. Working within the current academic publishing structure (including publishing in print) was a priority, even to presses and faculty members who were actively exploring digital publishing and open access models. On closer inspection, we realized that the various stakeholders valued the current peer review process for different reasons. And we found that the value of peer review goes beyond vetting the quality of scholarship and manuscript content. Based on these findings, we considered ways to obtain these benefits within the current academic structure through innovative peer review processes. At the same time, we looked for ways of offsetting potential risks associated with these alternative methods. We considered cost effective ways to accommodate the needs of the disparate constituencies involved in academic publishing while allowing room for digital publishing. While our findings focus primarily on small academic presses, they also have significant implications for the open access community.

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                      Open Access Clauses in Publishers’ Licenses: Current State and Lessons Learned

                      Posted in Copyright, Licenses, Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 28th, 2013

                      COAR has released Open Access Clauses in Publishers' Licenses: Current State and Lessons Learned.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      As Open Access (OA) policies and laws are being adopted world-wide, the scholarly community is shifting its efforts from advocacy towards practical implementation and support. One of the major routes for making articles open access is through OA repositories. However the variety and lack of clarity of publishers' policies regarding article deposit can be a significant barrier to author compliance of OA policies.

                      In order to overcome this barrier, some organizations have successfully negotiated authors' or deposit rights with publishers in the context of purchasing content licenses. This report documents the existing OA licensing language that has been implemented by organizations around the world and presents some suggestions for their successful adoption. The report concludes that OA clauses offer a feasible option for institutions to address some of the obstacles to article deposit into repositories.

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                        Issues in the Appraisal and Selection of Geospatial Data

                        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 28th, 2013

                        The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released Issues in the Appraisal and Selection of Geospatial Data.

                        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                        The report provides an illuminating background on the problem area, then suggests ways to establish criteria for appraisal and selection decisions for geospatial data. It then proposes some models and processes for appraisal and selection, including tools for the identification and evaluation of data resources and triggers for appraisal and selection, and finishes with further questions for the community to explore.

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