"Google Book Search and the Future of Books in Cyberspace"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on January 13th, 2010

Pamela Samuelson has self-archived "Google Book Search and the Future of Books in Cyberspace" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

The Google Book Search (GBS) initiative once promised to test the bounds of fair use, as the company started scanning millions of in-copyright books from the collections of major research libraries. The initial goal of this scanning was to make indexes of the books’ contents and to provide short snippets of book contents in response to pertinent search queries. The Authors Guild and five trade publishers sued Google in the fall of 2005 charging that this scanning activity was copyright infringement. Google defended by claiming fair use. Rather than litigating this important issue, however, the parties devised a radical plan to restructure the market for digital books, which was announced on October 28, 2008, by means of a class action settlement of the lawsuits. Approval of this settlement would give Google—and Google alone—a license to commercialize all out-of-print books and to make up to 20 per cent of their contents available in response to search queries (unless rights holders expressly forbade this).

This article discusses the glowingly optimistic predictions about the future of books in cyberspace promulgated by proponents of the GBS settlement and contrasts them with six categories of serious reservations that have emerged about the settlement. These more pessimistic views of GBS are reflected in the hundreds objections and numerous amicus curiae briefs filed with the court responsible for determining whether to approve the settlement. GBS poses risks for publishers, academic authors and libraries, professional writers, and readers as well as for competition and innovation in several markets and for the cultural ecology of knowledge. Serious concerns have also been expressed about the GBS settlement as an abuse of the class action process because it usurps legislative prerogatives. The article considers what might happen to the future of books in cyberspace if the GBS deal is not approved and recommends that regardless of whether the GBS settlement is approved, a consortium of research libraries ought to develop a digital database of books from their collections that would enhance access to books without posing the many risks to the public interest that the GBS deal has created

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    University of Tennessee, Knoxville Gets IMLS Grant to Study Value of Academic Libraries

    Posted in ARL Libraries, Grants, Research Libraries on January 12th, 2010

    The University of Tennessee, Knoxville School of Information Sciences has been awarded an IMLS grant to study the value of academic libraries. It will collaborate with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Libraries and the Association of Research Libraries.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release :

    Carol Tenopir, a professor in the School of Information Sciences, is the lead investigator on the project; Paula Kaufman, University Librarian and Dean of Libraries at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is a co-principal investigator; and Martha Kyrillidou, Senior Director for Statistics and Service Quality Programs, is leading the project from ARL.

    The three-year grant, entitled "Value, Outcomes, and Return on Investment of Academic Libraries (Lib-Value)," will work to enrich, expand, test, and implement methodologies measuring the return on investment (ROI) in academic libraries.

    "There is an increasing need for academic librarians to demonstrate the return on investment and value of the library to the various stakeholders of the institution and to guide library management in the redirection of library funds to important products and services for the future," Tenopir said. Academic libraries actively participate in the many changes in scholarship, such as the move to e-science, collaborative and participatory scholarship, and focus on new materials such as data, multimedia, and born-digital assets. To remain relevant and central to the academic mission in the future, academic librarians need to be able to demonstrate the value that the academic library provides to the campus community using proven methods of measurement that will allow librarians to determine where their efforts should be concentrated and how funding should be allocated.

    The results of the study will provide evidence and a set of tested methodologies and tools to help academic librarians demonstrate how the library provides value to its constituents and ROI to its funders, and to measure which products and services are of most value to enhancing the university’s mission. This project will greatly expand upon earlier studies to consider multiple measures of value that the academic library brings to teaching/learning, research, and social/professional/public engagement functions of the academic institution.

    To ensure that the process will be rigorous, realistic, and highly visible in the academic library and university community, an experienced team of academic librarians and outstanding researchers bring their leadership, built on many years of experience, to the project. Two well-known researchers in the library field will serve as consultants: Bruce Kingma, an economist at Syracuse University, and Donald W. King, a statistician at the University of North Carolina at Chapel-Hill. Additional project participants include: Gayle Baker, Ken Wise, Rachel Fleming-May, Regina Mays, Crystal Sherline, and Andrea Baer at the University of Tennessee; Tina Chrzastowski at the University of Illinois; and Henry Gross, Gary Roebuck, and David Green at ARL.

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      Digital Programs Archivist at University of North Carolina at Charlotte

      Posted in Digital Library Jobs on January 12th, 2010

      The J. Murrey Atkins Library at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte is recruiting a Digital Programs Archivist.

      Here's an excerpt from the ad:

      Responsibilities:

      • Collaborate in planning, creating, and managing digital collections
        • Implement quality control procedures
        • Prioritize and coordinate digital production
        • Investigate, plan, and manage format conversions and migration
        • Investigate and provide leadership in the implementation of appropriate metadata standards
      • Maintain and expand web applications on the Special Collections Website using standards-compliant markup, emerging web technologies, and best practices.
      • Collaborate in the planning, development, and implementation of electronic records preservation and access, particularly for University Archives related collections and manuscript collections
      • Provide leadership in defining preservation and access protocols for born-digital materials
      • Identify and collaborate with technical partners in Library Systems, UNC Charlotte ITS, and the College of Computing and Informatics to design and implement creative applications for access and preservation
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        A Landscape Study of Shared Infrastructure Services in the Australian Academic Sector

        Posted in Social Media/Web 2.0 on January 12th, 2010

        JISC has released A Landscape Study of Shared Infrastructure Services in the Australian Academic Sector.

        Here's an excerpt:

        In parallel with these investments, it has become evident that users in the higher education and academic sectors in Australia are choosing to use main stream Web 2.0 technologies in their daily work activities. However there is limited knowledge about who is using which Web 2.0 technologies and for what purposes. Moreover there is little information about why specific tools and services are chosen when institutional or nationally-funded services are available. JISC recently funded a study in the UK to investigate the adoption of Web 2.0 services by the higher education and academic sectors. The aim of this report is to survey the situation in Australia and hence enable comparisons with the UK. This survey therefore focuses on the current and active users of Web 2.0 tools and services in Australian Higher Education institutions and aims to identify what they are using and why.

        Although the UK leads Australia in the development of collaborative eResearch services, the results of the survey indicate that the adoption of Web 2.0 technologies in the higher education sector in Australia is not significantly dissimilar to the situation in the UK. Users prefer to use Web-based services that are already adopted by the wider community and that are free, robust, simple to sign on to, and easy to install and use. Examples include: FaceBook, YouTube, Skype and Twitter. Although the most active use of Web 2.0 has been by early adopters (people who are not afraid to try out new tools, experiment with them and promote them to colleagues and peers), this situation is changing as more Web 2.0 technologies are becoming broadly adopted by mainstream users. Because Australia has not had the same level of investment in cyberinfrastructure and lags behind the UK in the development of services, it has been able to take advantage of services developed in the UK and USA (e.g., RoMEO, Shibboleth) – as well as the recent explosion of free, open source Web 2.0 technologies. In some ways, this delayed investment has been an advantage because there is not an established pool of services that is being superseded by commercial and open source Web 2.0 technologies.

        See also the related report: Shared Infrastructure Services Landscape Study: A Survey of the Use of Web 2.0 Tools and Services in the UK HE Sector.

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          Project Manager Library Digital Programs at Johns Hopkins University

          Posted in Digital Library Jobs on January 12th, 2010

          The Sheridan Libraries of Johns Hopkins University are recruiting a Project Manager Library Digital Programs (position duration is until July 31, 2014 with the possibility of extension).

          Here's an excerpt from the ad:

          The project manager is responsible for managing project communications, tasks, timelines, resources, fundraising, and grants for the Data Conservancy (DC), a $20 million project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). The Project Manager will reports directly to the Executive Director of the Data Conservancy and will be authorized to act on the Executive Director’s behalf when necessary.

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            White House OSTP Asks for Additional Comments on Open Access until Jan. 21st

            Posted in Open Access on January 12th, 2010

            The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) has requested additional comments about its public consultation on public access policy.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            Many of you expressed a desire for more time to engage in the Public Access Policy Forum post-holidays. We heard you! While Phase III ended on January 7th, we have launched a two-week bonus period for all of you who signed off for the holidays. Therefore, all three phases of the Forum will remain open through January 21st.

            In hopes that you will continue to build and respond to the thoughtful comments of your peers, we ask you to visit the Public Access Policy Forum portion of our blog to see all relevant posts and submit your comments in the appropriate forum:

            In addition, be sure to check out the many comments and proposals submitted to our publicaccess@ostp.gov inbox, to which you are also welcome to submit comments or documents. Some comments are just text; some have links to documents that have been submitted.

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              Indiana University Gets $2.38 Million Grant from Mellon Foundation for Kuali OLE

              Posted in Digital Libraries, ERM/Discovery Systems, Grants, ILS on January 11th, 2010

              Indiana University has been awarded a $2.38 Million Grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation for the Kuali OLE (Open Library Environment) project.

              Here's an excerpt from the press release:

              IU will lead the Kuali OLE (Open Library Environment) project, a partnership of research libraries dedicated to managing increasingly digital resources and collections. Together, these libraries will develop "community source" software that will be made available to libraries worldwide.

              Kuali OLE (pronounced Oh-LAY) partners include Indiana University; Florida Consortium (University of Florida representing Florida International University, Florida State University, New College of Florida, Rollins College, University of Central Florida, University of Miami, University of South Florida and the Florida Center for Library Automation); Lehigh University; Triangle Research Libraries Network (represented by Duke University and North Carolina State University); University of Chicago; University of Maryland; University of Michigan; and the University of Pennsylvania.

              Large academic research libraries such as these manage and provide access to millions of items, using software to track interrelated transactions that range from ordering and paying for items to loaning materials to library patrons.

              As the nature of library collections expands to include more digital materials—including leased electronic journals and digitized photograph collections—libraries are increasingly interested in developing management software for these resources, said Interim Ruth Lilly Dean of University Libraries Carolyn Walters.

              "Libraries now create, lease and share digital materials, but the systems in place for cataloging and tracking these items are based on print collections," said Walters. "With this project, we benefit from working together with a community of academic libraries that want to change the way that information is managed in the scholarly environment."

              "Research libraries are in dire need of systems that can support the management of research collections for the next-generation scholar," said Robert H. McDonald, executive director for the project and IU's associate dean for library technologies. "This approach demonstrates the best of open-source software development, directed partnership resource needs, and a market of commercial support providers to truly align with the needs of research libraries within the higher education environment."

              More than 200 libraries, educational institutions, professional organizations and businesses laid the groundwork for the Kuali OLE project by participating in the original OLE project, a design phase that was supported by an earlier grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and led by Duke University.

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                Digital Library Software Engineer at Harvard

                Posted in Digital Library Jobs on January 11th, 2010

                The Office for Scholarly Communications at the Harvard University Library is recruiting a Digital Library Software Engineer.

                Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                The Harvard Office for Scholarly Communication (OSC) oversees the mechanisms by which the fruits of scholarship are communicated within and without the University, with a special aim to increase the availability of the scholarly output of the University and maximize the efficiency with which scholarly materials are made available to members of the Harvard community and beyond. The OSC department of the Harvard University Library (HUL) seeks a programmer/analyst for development and support of the DASH open access digital scholarship repository. This is a unique opportunity to serve as the technical lead on a project to collect and share the University's research with the world. Please Note: This is a one year term appointment with possibility of renewal depending on funding and performance.

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                  Research Data: Unseen Opportunities

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 11th, 2010

                  The Canadian Association of Research Libraries has released Research Data: Unseen Opportunities.

                  Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                  The purpose of the toolkit is to enable research library directors to raise awareness of the issues of data management with administrators and researchers on campus.

                  Data are valuable assets that in some cases have an unlimited potential for reuse. The awareness toolkit underscores the need to ensure that research data are managed throughout the data lifecycle so that they are understandable and usable.

                  "This is a very timely document" says Marnie Swanson (University of Victoria), Chair of the CARL Data Management Sub-Committee. "More than ever, data are a critical component of the research endeavor and this toolkit will help libraries raise awareness in the scholarly community of the importance of data stewardship."

                  Research Data: Unseen Opportunities provides readers with a general understanding of the current state of research data in Canada and internationally. It is organized into seven sections: The Big Picture; Major Benefits of Data Management; Current Context; Case Studies; Gaps in Data Stewardship in Canada; Data Management Policies in Canada; Responses to Faculty/Administrative Concerns; What Can Be Done on Campus?

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                    Senior Software Infrastructure Engineer at Northwestern University

                    Posted in Digital Library Jobs on January 11th, 2010

                    The Northwestern University Library is recruiting a Senior Software Infrastructure Engineer.

                    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                    This position, reporting to the Head of Library Technology Enterprise Systems, works in a highly collaborative environment with library colleagues and external partners on the analysis, design, coding and testing of differently functioning systems in support of the library's enterprise applications. The position also supports digital repository development, digital preservation, metadata, collections and services development to explore, adapt, and implement emerging repository technologies.

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                      National Library of the Netherlands Plans to Digitize All Dutch Books, Newspapers, and Periodicals from 1470

                      Posted in Digitization, Mass Digitizaton, Research Libraries on January 11th, 2010

                      The National Library of the Netherlands has released its Strategic Plan 2010-2013.

                      In the "Strategic priority 1" section (page 6), the document states that the library intends to ultimately "digitise all Dutch books, newspapers and periodicals from 1470." By 2013, it states that: “10% of all Dutch books, newspapers and periodicals have been digitised (60 million pages by the KB, 13 million by third parties).” (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      One of the large, labour-intensive challenges is to digitise all the books, periodicals and newspapers that have appeared in the Netherlands. A component of this undertaking is the digitisation of the special pre-1800 collections for which a number of Dutch university libraries and the KB have together drawn up a project plan. In addition, the KB has collected since 1995 born digital publications (publications which are only published in digital form, such as websites, digital periodicals, e-books, etc.). The KB will intensify this undertaking. The KB aims to be able to offer customers all publications with as few restrictions as possible. Naturally the KB does this in close consultation with publishers and right holder organisations.

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                        Institutional Repository Bibliography, Version 2

                        Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on January 10th, 2010

                        Version two of the Institutional Repository Bibliography is now available from Digital Scholarship.

                        The Institutional Repository Bibliography presents over 700 selected English-language articles, books, technical reports, and other scholarly textual sources that are useful in understanding institutional repositories. This version significantly expands coverage of technical reports and adds a search function (Google index update for version two may take a few days).

                        Most sources have been published between 2000 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 2000 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to e-prints in disciplinary archives and institutional repositories for published articles. Note that e-prints and published articles may not be identical.

                        The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are in italics):

                        1 General
                        2 Country and Regional Institutional Repository Surveys
                        3 Multiple-Institution Repositories
                        4 Specific Institutional Repositories
                        5 Institutional Repository Digital Preservation Issues
                        6 Institutional Repository Library Issues
                        7 Institutional Repository Metadata Issues
                        8 Institutional Repository Open Access Policies
                        9 Institutional Repository R&D Projects
                        10 Institutional Repository Research Studies
                        11 Institutional Repository Software
                        Appendix A. About the Author

                        The following recent Digital Scholarship publications may also be of interest:

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