Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

UNC SILS Gets $750,000 Mellon Foundation Grant for BitCurator Access Project

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on October 23rd, 2014

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's School of Information and Library Science has been given a$ 750,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation for its BitCurator Access Project.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The BitCurator Access project will develop open-source software that supports the provision of access to disk images through three exploratory approaches: (1) building tools to support web-based services, (2) enabling the export of file systems and associated metadata, (3) and the use of emulation environments. Also closely associated with these access goals is redaction. BitCurator Access will develop tools to redact files, file system metadata, and targeted bitstreams within disks or directories.

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    DataONE Gets $15 Million NSF Grant

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Grants on October 13th, 2014

    DataONE has received a $15 million grant from the NSF.

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    Founded in 2009 by the National Science Foundation (NSF), DataONE was designed to provide both the tools and infrastructure for organizing and serving up vast amounts of scientific data, in addition to building an engaged community and developing openly available educational resources.

    Accomplishments from the last five years include making over 260,000 publicly available data and metadata objects accessible through the DataONE search engine and building a growing network of 22 national and international data repositories. DataONE has published more than 74 papers, reached over 2,000 individuals via direct training events and workshops and connects with over 60,000 visitors annually via the website.

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      "Codifying Collegiality: Recent Developments in Data Sharing Policy in the Life Sciences "

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Legislation and Government Regulation, Publishing on September 30th, 2014

      Genevieve Pham-Kanter et al. have published "Codifying Collegiality: Recent Developments in Data Sharing Policy in the Life Sciences " in PLOS ONE.

      Over the last decade, there have been significant changes in data sharing policies and in the data sharing environment faced by life science researchers. Using data from a 2013 survey of over 1600 life science researchers, we analyze the effects of sharing policies of funding agencies and journals. We also examine the effects of new sharing infrastructure and tools (i.e., third party repositories and online supplements). We find that recently enacted data sharing policies and new sharing infrastructure and tools have had a sizable effect on encouraging data sharing. In particular, third party repositories and online supplements as well as data sharing requirements of funding agencies, particularly the NIH and the National Human Genome Research Institute, were perceived by scientists to have had a large effect on facilitating data sharing. In addition, we found a high degree of compliance with these new policies, although noncompliance resulted in few formal or informal sanctions. Despite the overall effectiveness of data sharing policies, some significant gaps remain: about one third of grant reviewers placed no weight on data sharing plans in their reviews, and a similar percentage ignored the requirements of material transfer agreements. These patterns suggest that although most of these new policies have been effective, there is still room for policy improvement.

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        "The Research Data Alliance: Globally Co-Ordinated Action against Barriers to Data Publishing and Sharing"

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Publishing on September 29th, 2014

        Andrew Treloar has published "The Research Data Alliance: Globally Co-Ordinated Action against Barriers to Data Publishing and Sharing" in a special issue of Learned Publishing on data publishing.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This article discusses the drivers behind the formation of the Research Data Alliance (RDA), its current state, the lessons learned from its first full year of operation, and its anticipated impact on data publishing and sharing. One of the pressing challenges in data infrastructure (taken here to include issues relating to hardware, software and content format, as well as human actors) is how best to enable data interoperability across boundaries. This is particularly critical as the world deals with bigger and more complex problems that require data and insights from a range of disciplines. The RDA has been set up to enable more data to be shared across barriers to address these challenges. It does this through focused Working Groups and Interest Groups, formed of experts from around the world, and drawing from the academic, industry, and government sectors.

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          "Developing Professional Skills in STEM Students: Data Information Literacy"

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on September 24th, 2014

          Lisa D. Zilinski et al. have published "Developing Professional Skills in STEM Students: Data Information Literacy" in Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Undergraduate STEM students are increasingly expected to have some data use skills upon graduation, whether they pursue post-graduate education or move into industry. This project was an initial foray into the application of data information literacy competencies to training undergraduate students to identify markers of data and information quality. The data consumer training appeared within two courses to help students evaluate data objects, including databases and datasets available on the Internet. The application of the Data Credibility Checklist provides a foundation for developing data reuse competencies. Based upon the initial presentation of the content, it became obvious that students need very basic introductions to data concepts, including definitions for database and dataset, and the process of data object discovery.

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            "Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications: Encouraging Preservation Without Discouraging Creation"

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on September 16th, 2014

            Theron Westervelt has published "Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications: Encouraging Preservation Without Discouraging Creation" in D-Lib Magazine.

            Here's an excerpt:

            The Library of Congress has a fundamental commitment to acquiring, preserving and making accessible in the long term the creative output of the nation and the world. The Library has devised the Recommended Format Specifications to enable it to identify what formats will most easily lend themselves to preservation and long-term access, especially with regard to digital formats. The Library has done this to provide guidance to its staff in their work of acquiring content for its collection, but also seeks to share this with other stakeholders, from the creative community to vendors to other libraries, each of which has a need and interest in preservation and access. To ensure ongoing accuracy and relevancy, the Library of Congress will be reviewing and revising the specifications on an annual basis and welcomes feedback and input from all interested parties.

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              "How Many Citations Are There in the Data Citation Index?"

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Publishing on September 11th, 2014

              Daniel Torres-Salinas et al. have self-archived "How Many Citations Are There in the Data Citation Index?."

              Here's an excerpt:

              Descriptive analysis on the citation distribution of the Thomson Reuters' Data Citation Index by publication type and four broad areas: Science, Engineering & Technology, Humanities & Arts and Social Sciences.

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                Current Quality Assurance Practices in Web Archiving

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on September 8th, 2014

                Brenda Reyes Ayala, Mark E. Phillips, and Lauren Ko have self-archived Current Quality Assurance Practices in Web Archiving.

                Here's an excerpt:

                This paper presents the results of a survey of quality assurance (QA) practices within the field of web archiving. To understand current QA practices, the authors surveyed 54 institutions engaged in web archiving, which included national libraries, colleges and universities, and museums and art libraries.

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