Archive for the 'Digital Media' Category

"Sustaining Consistent Video Presentation"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on April 6th, 2015

Dave Rice has published "Sustaining Consistent Video Presentation" in Tate Papers.

Here's an excerpt:

This technical paper addresses approaches to identifying and mitigating risks associated with sustaining the consistent presentation of digital video files. . . .

Presenting digital video consistently is dependent on the design, coordination and quality of all aspects of both the video file and the video player. Specific factors such as what features of a codec are supported by the decoder, and how one colour space is converted to another affect how videos are presented. Media players are of course developed over time—new features are added and bugs are resolved—but while such changes may improve the quality of a player they also create scenarios where a digital media file may play differently in a new version of a player compared to an older one. As a result, the ever-evolving state of media playback technology creates challenges or technical complications for audio-visual conservators who are tasked with ensuring that digital video is presented consistently and as originally intended.

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    Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media, Reports and White Papers on December 5th, 2014

    The Born Digital Video subgroup of the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative Audio-Visual Working Group has released Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video.

    Here's an excerpt:

    The born digital video exploration is being led by the Library of Congress. The documents that comprise Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video provide practical technical information for both file creators and file archivists to help them make informed decisions when creating or archiving born digital video files and to understand the long term consequences of those decisions. . . .

    Eight case histories document aspects of the current state of practice in six federal agencies working with born digital video. These case histories not only document deliverables and specifications but also tell the story of each project, and provide background information about the institution and the collection, as well as lessons learned. As the case histories developed, a set of high level recommended practices emerged from the collective project experiences. These recommended practices are intended to support informed decision-making and guide file creators and archivists as they seek out processes, file characteristics, and other practices that will yield files with the greatest preservation potential.

    Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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      AV Digitisation and Digital Preservation TechWatch Report #01

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media, Digitization, Reports and White Papers on March 6th, 2014

      The PrestoCentre has released the AV Digitisation and Digital Preservation TechWatch Report #01.

      Here's an excerpt:

      This first TechWatch Report has been written by members of PrestoCentre involved in the Presto4U project and was compiled through meetings they had with specialist technology vendors and researchers late 2013.

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        Feet on the Ground: A Practical Approach to the Cloud—Nine Things to Consider When Assessing Cloud Storage

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on February 26th, 2014

        AudioVisual Preservation Solutions, has released Feet on the Ground: A Practical Approach to the Cloud—Nine Things to Consider When Assessing Cloud Storage.

        Here's an excerpt:

        There is no all-in-one solution that will fulfill every archives' needs for preservation storage. Often, cloud storage services fulfill a portion of an organization's larger preservation infrastructure, providing secure back up for preservation copies or supporting delivery of access files from low-latency storage. Vetting and selection is therefore the alignment of organizational and collection needs with the offerings and functionality of a service. This means defining your acceptance criteria for optimal functionality and understanding how a service will fit in your preservation environment.

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          Digital Image Collections and Services, SPEC Kit 335

          Posted in ARL Libraries, Digital Media, Licenses, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on August 27th, 2013

          ARL has released Digital Image Collections and Services, SPEC Kit 335.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          ARL has published Digital Image Collections and Services, SPEC Kit 335, which examines how research libraries and their parent institutions have responded to the transition from analog to digital images and the growth of digital images available from commercial vendors and/or created within institutions or their libraries. The survey gathers information about current practices relating to the development and management of institutional digital image collections and the acquisition and use of licensed image databases.

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            State of the Art Report on Damage Prevention and Repair of Digital AV Media

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on May 3rd, 2013

            The DAVID consortium has released State of the Art Report on Damage Prevention and Repair of Digital AV Media.

            Here's an excerpt:

            This report contains information on the state of the art in digital damage prevention and repair of audio-visual media. It has been compiled in course of the project definition of DAVID. The DAVID project addresses specific research questions for preservation and restoration of audio-visual media. An overview on the projects rationale is presented in section 2, details on the continuing project can be found at www.david-preservation.eu.

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              "Evaluating Large Image Support for DSpace"

              Posted in Digital Media, Digital Repositories, DSpace, Institutional Repositories on October 29th, 2012

              Marius Nel, Kyle Williams and Hussein Suleman have self-archived "Evaluating Large Image Support for DSpace" in the UCT CS Research Document Archive.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Access to large images in digital libraries is desirable from a preservation perspective and may even be a requirement in some domains, such as cartography. However, providing access to large images often poses a problem as a result of the size of the images as well as the limited screen real-estate for displaying the images. Even when these issues are addressed, there is a lack of evidence about how well large image related tasks can be performed in a digital library. In investigating this, a survey was conducted in order to identify well-performing large image support tools and the best of these tools was integrated into DSpace. A user study was conducted in order to evaluate how well large images could be supported in a digital library and it was found that users were able to successfully and easily perform tasks related to large images.

              | Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 | Digital Scholarship |

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                Preserving Moving Pictures and Sound

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on May 1st, 2012

                The Digital Preservation Coalition has released Preserving Moving Pictures and Sound by Richard Wright.

                Here's an excerpt:

                The status and technology needs of moving picture and sound materials will be examined. The scope of the report includes analogue material on physical carriers such as film, audiotape and videotape (and so stored on shelves); digital material on physical carriers such as CD, DVD, digital videotape and digital audio tape (also stored on shelves); and finally, digital content in files and so held on some form of mass storage. While the focus is on professional collections in institutions, companies or other organizations, the information will be relevant to personal holdings.

                | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

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                  A Study of Embedded Metadata Support in Audio Recording Software: Summary of Findings and Conclusions

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media, Metadata on November 7th, 2011

                  The Association for Recorded Sound Collections has released A Study of Embedded Metadata Support in Audio Recording Software: Summary of Findings and Conclusions.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  In 2010, the ARSC Technical Committee (TC) completed a study of support for embedded metadata within and across a variety of audio recording software applications. The study was coordinated, and much of it carried out, by AudioVisual Preservation Solutions. This work addressed two primary questions: How well does embedded metadata persist, and is its integrity maintained, within any given file as it is handled by various applications over time? How well is embedded metadata handled during the process of creating a derivative?

                  | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

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                    Library of Congress and Sony Music Entertainment Launch National Jukebox

                    Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Libraries, Digital Media on May 10th, 2011

                    The Library of Congress and Sony Music Entertainment have launched the National Jukebox.

                    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                    The Library of Congress and Sony Music Entertainment today unveiled a new website of over 10,000 rare historic sound recordings available to the public for the first time digitally. The site is called the "National Jukebox" (www.loc.gov/jukebox/).

                    Developed by the Library of Congress, with assets provided by Sony Music Entertainment, the National Jukebox offers free online access to a vast selection of music and spoken-word recordings produced in the U.S. between the years 1901 and 1925. . . .

                    The agreement for the National Jukebox grants the Library of Congress usage rights to Sony Music’s entire pre-1925 catalog—comprising thousands of recordings produced by Columbia Records, OKeh, and Victor Talking Machine Co. among others – and represents the largest collection of such historical recordings ever made publicly available for study and appreciation online. . . .

                    Visitors to the National Jukebox will be able to listen to available recordings on a streaming-only basis, as well as view thousands of label images, record-catalog illustrations, and artist and performer bios. In addition, users can further explore the catalog by accessing special interactive features, listening to playlists curated by Library staff, and creating and sharing their own playlists. . . .

                    The website will showcase special interactive features as well, including a digital facsimile of the 1919 edition of the famous opera guide "Victrola Book of the Opera," which describes more than 110 operas, including illustrations, plot synopses and lists of recordings offered in that year. Features include the book’s original text, a comparison of the different interpretations of the most popular arias of the period, and streamed recordings of nearly every opera referenced in the book.

                    | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 |

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                      Final Guidelines on Copyright Clearance and IPR Management

                      Posted in Copyright, Digital Media, Reports and White Papers on February 23rd, 2011

                      The European Film Gateway project has released Final Guidelines on Copyright Clearance and IPR Management.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      The report includes:

                      • an overview of legal frameworks in EU countries for the film sector
                      • guidelines how to successfully clear rights related to film works
                      • copyright basics (moral rights vs. exploitation rights, orphan works etc)
                      • diligent search guidelines for rights holders

                      | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview |

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                        New Journal of Physics Now Includes Video Abstracts

                        Posted in Digital Media, Scholarly Journals on February 6th, 2011

                        The New Journal of Physics, an open access journal, now includes video abstracts.

                        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                        New Journal of Physics (NJP) has today announced the launch of video abstracts as a new integrated content stream that will give all authors the opportunity to go beyond the constraints of the written article to personally present the importance of their work to the journal's global audience.

                        Early contributions include videos from the groups of David Wineland, National Institute of Standards and Technology and J. Ignacio Cirac, Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, talking about scalable ion traps for quantum information processing, and quantum superposition of living organisms. Researchers from more than 25 countries are represented by the videos abstracts that are published today.

                        One of the first contributors, Neil Wilson of the University of Warwick, UK, said of the service "We are very excited to have the opportunity to feature a video abstract alongside our NJP article. Embracing the possibilities of online media in this way allows us to present our work as we see it, and helps focus interested readers on what we believe the key points to be. We hope that being able to put faces to names, and visualize some of the research in action, will add a human touch and so help the scientific community to grow closer." His video on the structure and topography of free-standing chemically modified graphene can be viewed at http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/12/12/125010/.

                        | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview |

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