Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

iPres 2014: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Digital Preservation

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 12th, 2014

The International Conference on Digital Preservation has released iPres 2014: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Digital Preservation.

Here's an excerpt:

Papers covered a wide array of preservation topics including migration and emulation, file format management, registries and linked data, funding models, education and training, personal archiving and software-based art, web archiving, metadata and persistent identifiers.

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    Digital File Formats for Videotape Reformatting

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 5th, 2014

    The Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative Audio-Visual Working Group has released Digital File Formats for Videotape Reformatting.

    Here's an excerpt:

    The project to compare video formats for reformatting is being led by the National Archives and Records Administration with significant input from the Library of Congress. The resulting matrixes offer comparisons of the wrappers AVI, MOV (QuickTime), Matroska, MXF, and MPEG-2 (ad hoc file wrapper), and the following encodings: uncompressed (various types), lossless JPEG 2000, ffv1, and MPEG-2 (encoding). The Working Group's starting point is a useful 2011 report by George Blood for the Library of Congress titled Determining Suitable Digital Video Formats for Medium-term Storage. The inclusion of MXF means that the comparison will complement the FADGI Audio-Visual Working Group's active contributions to the finalization of the MXF AS-07 application specification for preservation and archiving, a "pre-version" of which has been adopted by the Library of Congress as their video preservation format. Nevertheless, as the finalization of AS-07 continues, members of the Working Group and others have expressed interest in evaluating alternate digital file formats. These alternate formats may be appropriate to certain classes of content, for use as interim measures, or suitable for organizations in modest technical circumstances.

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      The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition)

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 5th, 2014

      The Digital Preservation Coalition has released The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition).

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      Emphasising its flexibility and conceptual nature, the report describes the OAIS, its core principles and functional elements, as well as the information model which support long-term preservation, access and understandability of data – highlighting the in-built level of abstraction which makes it such a widely applicable foundation resource for digital preservation.

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        Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on December 5th, 2014

        The Born Digital Video subgroup of the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative Audio-Visual Working Group has released Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video.

        Here's an excerpt:

        The born digital video exploration is being led by the Library of Congress. The documents that comprise Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video provide practical technical information for both file creators and file archivists to help them make informed decisions when creating or archiving born digital video files and to understand the long term consequences of those decisions. . . .

        Eight case histories document aspects of the current state of practice in six federal agencies working with born digital video. These case histories not only document deliverables and specifications but also tell the story of each project, and provide background information about the institution and the collection, as well as lessons learned. As the case histories developed, a set of high level recommended practices emerged from the collective project experiences. These recommended practices are intended to support informed decision-making and guide file creators and archivists as they seek out processes, file characteristics, and other practices that will yield files with the greatest preservation potential.

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          Fedora 4 Production Release

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Fedora, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Open Source Software on December 5th, 2014

          The international Fedora repository community and DuraSpace have released the Fedora 4 production release.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          This significant release signals the effectiveness of an international and complex community source project in delivering a modern repository platform with features that meet or exceed current use cases in the management of institutional digital assets. Fedora 4 features include vast improvements in scalability, linked data capabilities, research data support, modularity, ease of use and more.

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            Archival Electronic Records: President Barack Obama Signs the Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments of 2014

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Legislation and Government Regulation on December 2nd, 2014

            President Barack Obama has signed H.R. 1233, the Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments of 2014.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            Major updates to the Presidential and Federal Records Acts include:

            • Strengthening the Federal Records Act by expanding the definition of Federal records to clearly include electronic records. This is the first change to the definition of a Federal record since the enactment of the act in 1950.
            • Confirming that Federal electronic records will be transferred to the National Archives in electronic form.
            • Granting the Archivist of the United States final determination as to what constitutes a Federal record.
            • Authorizing the early transfer of permanent electronic Federal and Presidential records to the National Archives, while legal custody remains with the agency or the President.

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              Digital Curation: Report on Risk, Benefit, Impact and Value

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 24th, 2014

              4C has released Report on Risk, Benefit, Impact and Value.

              Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

              This deliverable of the 4C project work package "WP4-Enhancement" proposes a pragmatic method for estimating costs of digital curation in two different scenarios:

              • A "Current" scenario, where the costs of controls already exist in the repository as a means to reduce the impact of the consequence of a risk/threat, change the likelihood of an event, or reduce the exposure to a vulnerability;
              • A "Future" scenario, where the costs of controls do not yet exist, but where repository managers are able to consider alternative scenarios of repository governance.

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                "Curation Costs Exchange: Supporting Smarter Investments in Digital Curation"

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 11th, 2014

                Sarah Middleton has published "Curation Costs Exchange: Supporting Smarter Investments in Digital Curation" in EDUCAUSE Review.

                Here's an excerpt:

                A sizeable canon of research exists on cost modeling for digital curation. Although this research typically emphasizes the cost and complexity of digital curation and preservation, it is in many ways preliminary; the tools and methods developed have seen little uptake. Tools to manage and estimate costs, for example, have not been integrated into other digital curation processes or tools. The question is why? To answer it, a consortium of 13 European partners and cost modeling specialists launched the Collaboration to Clarify the Costs of Curation (4C) project.

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