Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Filling the Digital Preservation Gap: A Jisc Research Data Spring Project Phase Two Report—February 2016

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on February 11th, 2016

Jenny Mitcham et al. have released Filling the Digital Preservation Gap: A Jisc Research Data Spring Project Phase Two Report—February 2016.

Here's an excerpt:

Phase 1 of the project investigated the need for digital preservation as part of a wider infrastructure for research data management and looked specifically at how the open source digital preservation system Archivematica could fulfil this function. . . .

Work in phase 2 had the following aims:

  • Work with Artefactual Systems to develop Archivematica in a number of areas (highlighted in our phase 1 report) in order to make the system more suitable for fitting into our infrastructures for research data management
  • Develop our own detailed implementation plans for Hull and York to establish how Archivematica will be incorporated into our local infrastructures for research data
  • Consider how Archivematica could work as an above campus installation
  • Consider how digital preservation is addressed by the projects in phase 2 of Research Data Spring

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    "Practical Digital Forensics at Accession for Born-Digital Institutional Records"

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Source Software on January 29th, 2016

    Gregory Wiedeman has published "Practical Digital Forensics at Accession for Born-Digital Institutional Records" in Code4Lib Journal.

    Here's an excerpt:

    Archivists have developed a consensus that forensic disk imaging is the easiest and most effective way to preserve the authenticity and integrity of born-digital materials. Yet, disk imaging also has the potential to conflict with the needs of institutional archives – particularly those governed by public records laws. An alternative possibility is to systematically employ digital forensics tools during accession to acquire a limited amount of contextual metadata from filesystems. This paper will discuss the development of a desktop application that enables records creators to transfer digital records while employing basic digital forensics tools records' native computing environment to gather record-events from NTFS filesystems.

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      Berkman Center Releases Amber, a Web Preservation Tool

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Source Software on January 29th, 2016

      The Berkman Center for Internet & Society has released Amber.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      The Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University is pleased to release Amber, a free software tool for WordPress and Drupal that preserves content and prevents broken links. When installed on a blog or website, Amber can take a snapshot of the content of every linked page, ensuring that even if those pages are interfered with or blocked, the original content will be available.

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        DuraSpace and LYRASIS Boards Approve "Intent to Merge"

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on January 28th, 2016

        The DuraSpace and LYRASIS Boards have approved an "Intent to Merge".

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        The respective boards unanimously approved an "Intent to Merge", which means the organizations, having done a careful initial investigation, will move into a public phase to consider an official plan and pathway for the potential coming together, including a full analysis of member benefits. The decision to eventually come together is not yet final. In this public phase of investigation, each organization seeks feedback from members of their organizations and will investigate carefully the value of all services, projects, membership models and organizational cultures to ensure a smooth transition for members of both organizations should a merger agreement occur.

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          "Forging Our Cultural Commonwealth: The Importance of Digital Curation in the Digital Humanities"

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities on December 4th, 2015

          Alex Poole's dissertation "Forging Our Cultural Commonwealth: The Importance of Digital Curation in the Digital Humanities" is available from the Carolina Digital Repository.

          Here's an excerpt:

          This exploratory qualitative study centered on the salience of digital curation to the digital humanities. A case study predicated upon semi-structured interviews, it explored the creation, use, storage, and planned reuse of data by 45 interviewees involved with nineteen Office of Digital Humanities Start-Up Grant (SUG) projects. Similarly, the study sought to determine what digital curation skills had been employed in these projects and what digital curation skills project personnel felt were most important in doing such work. Interviewees grappled with challenges surrounding data, collaboration and communication, planning and project management, awareness and outreach, resources, and technology. This study sought to understand the existing practices and needs of those engaged in digital humanities work and how closely these practices and needs align with the digital curation literature. It established a baseline for future research in this area and suggested key skills for digital curation work in the digital humanities. Finally, it provided a learning model for guiding such education.

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            "Reminiscing About 15 Years of Interoperability Efforts"

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Open Access on November 17th, 2015

            Herbert Van de Sompel and Michael L. Nelson have published "Reminiscing About 15 Years of Interoperability Efforts" in D-Lib Magazine.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Over the past fifteen years, our perspective on tackling information interoperability problems for web-based scholarship has evolved significantly. In this opinion piece, we look back at three efforts that we have been involved in that aptly illustrate this evolution: OAI-PMH, OAI-ORE, and Memento. Understanding that no interoperability specification is neutral, we attempt to characterize the perspectives and technical toolkits that provided the basis for these endeavors. With that regard, we consider repository-centric and web-centric interoperability perspectives, and the use of a Linked Data or a REST/HATEAOS technology stack, respectively. We also lament the lack of interoperability across nodes that play a role in web-based scholarship, but end on a constructive note with some ideas regarding a possible path forward.

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              Emulation & Virtualization as Preservation Strategies

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 11th, 2015

              The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has released Emulation & Virtualization as Preservation Strategies.

              Here's an excerpt:

              n this report commissioned by the Foundation, David Rosenthal describes current technology frameworks for emulation and virtualization, and outlines the issues and challenges in deploying these technologies to preserve both digital artefacts from the past and current digital material that will age into legacy status.

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                "Research Data Management: A Case Study"

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on October 12th, 2015

                Gary Brewerton has published "Research Data Management: A Case Study" in Ariadne.

                Here's an excerpt:

                In April 2014 Loughborough University launched an innovative cloud-based platform [1] to deliver long-term archiving and discovery for its research data. The platform was based upon the Arkivum/100 [2] digital archiving service from Arkivum and the figshare for institutions solution from Figshare [3]. This article discusses the background and implementation of this new platform at the University.

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                  "Data-Intensive Science and Campus IT"

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 29th, 2015

                  Jerry Sheehan et al. have published "Data-Intensive Science and Campus IT" in EDUCAUSE Review.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  Montana State University developed the Research Data Census to engage local research communities in dialogue about their data: size, sharing resources and behaviors, and interest in services. The census confirmed the need for a tight coupling of IT infrastructure to data and curation services in order to make those resources useful to the research community.

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                    "Data Management Practices Across an Institution: Survey and Report"

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 24th, 2015

                    Cunera Buys and Pamela Shaw have published "Data Management Practices Across an Institution: Survey and Report" in the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    A 21-question survey was distributed to approximately 12,940 faculty, graduate students, postdoctoral candidates, and selected research-affiliated staff at Northwestern's Evanston and Chicago Campuses. Survey questions solicited information regarding types and size of data, current and future needs for data storage, data retention and data sharing, what researchers are doing (or not doing) regarding data management planning, and types of training or assistance needed. There were 831 responses and 788 respondents completed the survey, for a response rate of approximately 6.4%.

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                      "Do You Have an Institutional Data Policy? A Review of the Current Landscape of Library Data Services and Institutional Data Policies"

                      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on September 24th, 2015

                      Kristin Briney et al. have published "Do You Have an Institutional Data Policy? A Review of the Current Landscape of Library Data Services and Institutional Data Policies" in the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication,.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      This study reviewed library data services efforts and institutional data policies of 206 American universities, drawn from the July 2014 Carnegie list of universities with "Very High" or "High" research activity designation. Twenty-four different characteristics relating to university type, library data services, policy type, and policy contents were examined.

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                        "Enduring Access to Rich Media Content: Understanding Use and Usability Requirements"

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 17th, 2015

                        Madeleine Casad wt al. have published "Enduring Access to Rich Media Content: Understanding Use and Usability Requirements" in D-Lib Magazine.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        Through an NEH-funded initiative, Cornell University Library is creating a technical, curatorial, and managerial framework for preserving access to complex born-digital new media objects. The Library's Rose Goldsen Archive of New Media Art provides the testbed for this project. This collection of complex interactive born-digital artworks are used by students, faculty, and artists from various disciplines. Interactive digital assets are far more complex to preserve and manage than single uniform digital media files. The preservation model developed will apply not merely to new media artworks, but to other rich digital media environments. This article describes the project's findings and discoveries, focusing on a user survey conducted with the aim of creating user profiles and use cases for born-digital assets like those in the testbed collection.

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