Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Digital Preservation: PADI and Padiforum-L to Cease Operation

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 8th, 2010

Established in 1997, the National Library of Australia's PADI subject gateway, which has over 3,000 resources on more than 60 topics, will be shut down at the end of this year.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

As is to be expected with any portal to Web based documents maintenance of web links becomes progressively more demanding over time. Websites are redesigned, migrated to new platforms, URL’s are changed, projects and their websites cease, so called persistent identifiers are not, and even when web documents or pages are archived in a web archive, questions arise as to which version of an archived page to link to (which date or even which archive as copies may be held in multiple web archives with different levels of completeness). The current structure of PADI requires the Library to commit around 0.5 of a fulltime staff member to locate, describe and enter links to new information sources and to maintain links to existing resources. Although originally conceived as a cooperative contribution model, increasingly the burden of adding material to PADI has fallen to the NLA as input from elsewhere has almost ceased.

The information-seeking and information-providing mechanisms of a community also change over time. After reviewing the gateway service the Library has concluded that the existing website, database and list no longer meet the current needs and that the Library’s resources are best invested elsewhere. While there may be more efficient ways of building a service like PADI today, using Web 2.0 tools, the Library is unable to make the investment in converting the existing service.

Reluctantly—because we still find PADI useful ourselves—we believe we cannot sustain PADI, and have decided to cease maintaining it.

A copy of the website has been archived in PANDORA, Australia’s Web Archive. The existing live website will remain available until the end of 2010; however no new resources have been added since the start of July 2010 and the existing links will not be actively managed. The archives of the padiforum-l list will continue to be available, however no new postings will be accepted from 30 September 2010.

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    The State of Recorded Sound Preservation in the United States: A National Legacy at Risk in the Digital Age

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on August 31st, 2010

    The Council on Library and Information Resources and the Library of Congress have released The State of Recorded Sound Preservation in the United States: A National Legacy at Risk in the Digital Age.

    Here's an excerpt:

    The publication of The State of Recorded Sound Preservation in the United States is a landmark achievement in the history of the archival preservation of audiovisual materials. The authors, Rob Bamberger and Sam Brylawski, have produced a study outlining the web of interlocking issues that now threaten the long-term survival of our sound recording history. This study tells us that major areas of America’s recorded sound heritage have already been destroyed or remain inaccessible to the public. It suggests that the lack of conformity between federal and state laws may adversely affect the long-term survival of pre-1972-era sound recordings in particular. And, it warns that the continued lack of national coordination among interested parties in the public and private sectors, in addressing the challenges in preservation, professional education and public access, may not yet be arresting permanent loss of irreplaceable sound recordings in all genres.

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      Long-Term Preservation Services: A Description of LTP Services in a Digital Library Environment

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on August 29th, 2010

      The British Library, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, and Nasjonalbiblioteket have released Long-Term Preservation Services: A Description of LTP Services in a Digital Library Environment.

      Here's an excerpt:

      The main focus of this document is long-term preservation, but considered as an integral part of the overall digital library capability within a library and the corresponding workflows. We therefore seek information about long-term preservation within this broader context. Principles and implementation may vary greatly, and we are open to alternative approaches.

      The document starts with an overview of all the types of services involved in LTP, and shows how different institutions might draw the boundaries between the LTP and a wider digital library capability. We then take the three core functions of an LTP system (to ingest, retain, and provide access to digital content) and show how the services work together to fulfill each function. Finally, we give a detailed description of each type of service.

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        Preserving Digital Public Television: Final Report

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on July 18th, 2010

        The NDIIPP-funded Preserving Digital Public Television project has released Preserving Digital Public Television: Final Report.

        Here's an excerpt:

        The goals of the PDPTV project were to:

        • Design and build a prototype preservation repository for born-digital public television content;
        • Develop a set of standards for metadata, file and encoding formats, and production workflow practices;
        • Recommend selection criteria for long-term retention;
        • Examine issues of long-term content accessibility and methods for sustaining digital preservation of public television materials, including IP concerns.
        • Introduce the importance of digital preservation to the public broadcasting community.
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          GPO Hires Its First Preservation Librarian

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 15th, 2010

          The U.S. Government Printing Office has hired its first preservation librarian, David Walls.

          Here's an excerpt from the press release:

          The U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) is continuing its commitment to preserving the documents of our democracy by establishing the agency’s first preservation librarian position. GPO’s preservation librarian will be tasked with updating the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) collection management plan for the preservation of federal government documents. David Walls will serve as GPO’s first preservation librarian; he is a member of the American Library Association (ALA) and comes to the agency from Yale University where he worked as a preservation librarian for 12 years. While at Yale, Walls established practices for the digital conversion of library and special collection materials.

          Digital preservation is an ongoing initiative for GPO. In 2009, the agency launched GPO’s Federal Digital System (FDsys), a content management system, preservation repository and advanced search engine that provides the public with permanent public access to federal government information. GPO is also a member of LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe), a worldwide digital preservation alliance that collaborates with libraries and organizations on preservation initiatives.

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            Digital Preservation: PARSE.Insight Presentations and Report

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on July 14th, 2010

            PARSE.Insight (Permanent Access to the Records of Science in Europe) has released several presentations and reports.

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              Research Data Management: Incremental Project Releases Scoping Study And Implementation Plan

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 14th, 2010

              The Incremental Project has released the Scoping Study And Implementation Plan. The Cambridge University Library and Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII) at the University of Glasgow jointly run the project.

              Here's a brief description of the project from its home page:

              The project is a first step in improving and facilitating the day-to-day and long-term management of research data in higher education institutions (HEI's). We aim to increase researchers’ capacity and motivation for managing their digital research data, using existing tools and resources where possible and working to identify and fill gaps where additional tailored support and guidance is required. We aim to take a bottom-up approach, consulting a diverse set of researchers in each stage of the project.

              Read more about it at "Scoping Study and Implementation Plan Released."

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                A Guide to Web Preservation

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 12th, 2010

                The JISC-funded PoWR project has releasd A Guide to Web Preservation.

                Here's an excerpt:

                The [JISC PoWR] project handbook was published in November 2008. Since then we have seen a growing awareness of the importance of digital preservation in general and in the preservation of web resources (including web pages, web-based applications and websites) in particular. The current economic crisis and the expected cuts across public sector organisations mean that a decade of growth and optimism is now over – instead we can expect to see reduced levels of funding available within the sector which will have an impact on the networked services which are used to support teaching and learning and research activities.

                The need to manage the implications of these cutbacks is likely to result in a renewed interest in digital preservation. We are therefore pleased to be able to publish this new guide, based on the original PoWR: The Preservation of Web Resources Handbook, which provides practical advice to practitioners and policy makers responsible for the provision of web services.

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                  A Future for Our Digital Memory (2): Strategic Agenda 2010-2013 for Long-Term Access to Digital Resources

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 27th, 2010

                  The Netherlands Coalition for Digital Preservation has released A Future for Our Digital Memory (2): Strategic Agenda 2010-2013 for Long-Term Access to Digital Resources

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  The document proposes a dual-axis approach: on the one hand collaboration within domains and information chains must be strengthened. This process is to be facilitated by so-called network leaders: the National Archives for public records, the KB, National Library of the Netherlands, for scholarly publications, Data Archiving and Networked Services for research data and the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision for media. A fifth network leader for cultural heritage institutions such as museums, is yet to be announced. The NCDD itself is to facilitate cross-domain cooperation and knowledge exchanges.

                  See also A Future for Our Digital Memory (1): Permanent Access to Information in the Netherlands.

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                    Presentations from Computer Forensics and Born-Digital Content in Cultural Heritage Collections Meeting

                    Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 22nd, 2010

                    The Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities has released presentations from the Computer Forensics and Born-Digital Content in Cultural Heritage Collections meeting.

                    Here's an excerpt from the meeting's background document:

                    While such [computer forensics] activities may seem (happily) far removed from the concerns of the cultural heritage sector, the methods and tools developed by forensics experts represent a novel approach to key issues and challenges in the archives community. Libraries, special collections, and other repositories increasingly receive computer storage media (and sometimes entire computers) as part of their acquisition of "papers" from contemporary artists, writers, musicians, government officials, politicians, scholars, and other public figures. Cell phones, e-readers, and other data-rich devices will surely follow. The same forensics software that indexes a criminal suspect's hard drive allows the archivist to prepare a comprehensive manifest of the electronic files a donor has turned over for accession; the same hardware that allows the forensics specialist to create an algorithmically authenticated "image" of a file system allows the archivist to ensure the integrity of digital content once committed to an institutional repository; the same data recovery procedures that allow the specialist to discover, recover, and present as trial evidence an "erased" file may allow a scholar to reconstruct a lost or inadvertently deleted version of an electronic manuscript—and do so with enough confidence to stake reputation and career.

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                      Presentations from the Changing Role Of Libraries in Support of Research Data Activities: A Public Symposium

                      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 8th, 2010

                      The Board on Research Data and Information has released presentations from the Changing Role Of Libraries in Support of Research Data Activities: A Public Symposium.

                      Presentations included:

                      • Deanna Marcum, Library of Congress: The Role of Libraries in Digital Data Preservation and Access—The Library of Congress Experience
                      • Betsy Humphreys, National Library of Medicine: More Data, More Use, Less Lead Time: Scientific Data Activities at the National Library of Medicine
                      • Joyce Ray, Institute for Museum and Library Services: Libraries in the New Research Environment
                      • Karla Strieb, Association of Research Libraries: Supporting E-Science: Progress at Research Institutions and Their Libraries
                      • Christine Borgman, UC, Los Angeles: Why Data Matters to Librarians—and How to Educate the Next Generation

                      Read more about it at "National Academies Sees Libraries as Leaders in Data Preservation."

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                        The Idea of Order: Transforming Research Collections for 21st Century Scholarship

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries, Mass Digitizaton, Reports and White Papers on June 3rd, 2010

                        The Council on Library and Information Resources has released The Idea of Order: Transforming Research Collections for 21st Century Scholarship.

                        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                        The Idea of Order explores the transition from an analog to a digital environment for knowledge access, preservation, and reconstitution, and the implications of this transition for managing research collections. The volume comprises three reports. The first, "Can a New Research Library be All-Digital?" by Lisa Spiro and Geneva Henry, explores the degree to which a new research library can eschew print. The second, "On the Cost of Keeping a Book," by Paul Courant and Matthew "Buzzy" Nielsen, argues that from the perspective of long-term storage, digital surrogates offer a considerable cost savings over print-based libraries. The final report, "Ghostlier Demarcations," examines how well large text databases being created by Google Books and other mass-digitization efforts meet the needs of scholars, and the larger implications of these projects for research, teaching, and publishing.

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