Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Setting Institutional Repositories on the Path to Digital Preservation: Final Project Report from the JISC KeepIt Project

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories, Reports and White Papers on July 6th, 2011

JISC has released Setting Institutional Repositories on the Path to Digital Preservation: Final Project Report from the JISC KeepIt Project.

Here's an excerpt:

Digital preservation starts with detailed knowledge and awareness of your own content. The scope for content of institutional repositories has grown from research papers to presenting data supporting the research, also covering teaching materials, and artistic creativity. Four repositories representing each content type—the exemplars—joined the KeepIt project to investigate how effectively each could support the goals of a general repository: trustworthy storage, and preservation. This final report from the project reveals the results, outcomes and implications of the work.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Institutional Repository Bibliography | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 |

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    Research on Digital Preservation within Projects Co-Funded by the European Union in the ICT Programme

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on June 16th, 2011

    The European Commission has released Research on Digital Preservation within Projects Co-Funded by the European Union in the ICT Programme.

    Here's an excerpt:

    This report gives an overview about research on digital preservation throughout projects sponsored by the European Commission as part of the sixth and seventh framework programmes for research and technological development. It summarises the objectives, developments, similarities and differences as well as accomplishments and results of these projects. The report also considers research agendas in the field of digital preservation and identifies challenges for the future.

    | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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      "The Application of File Identification, Validation, and Characterization Tools in Digital Curation"

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 31st, 2011

      Kevin M. Ford has self-archived his M.S. theses, "The Application of File Identification, Validation, and Characterization Tools in Digital Curation," in IDEALS.

      Here's an excerpt:

      File format identification, characterization, and validation are considered essential processes for digital preservation and, by extension, long-term data curation. These actions are performed on data objects by humans or computers, in an attempt to identify the type of a given file, derive characterizing information that is specific to the file, and validate that the given file conforms to its type specification. The present research reviews the literature surrounding these digital preservation activities, including their theoretical basis and the publications that accompanied the formal release of tools and services designed in response to their theoretical foundation. It also reports the results from extensive tests designed to evaluate the coverage of some of the software tools developed to perform file format identification, characterization, and validation actions. Tests of these tools demonstrate that more work is needed – particularly in terms of scalable solutions – to address the expanse of digital data to be preserved and curated. The breadth of file types these tools are anticipated to handle is so great as to call into question whether a scalable solution is feasible, and, more broadly, whether such efforts will offer a meaningful return on investment. Also, these tools, which serve to provide a type of baseline reading of a file in a repository, can be easily tricked. It is possible to generate files with nothing more than a proper file extension and correct magic number and have the tools "positively" identify the file. This is not the same as a file that conforms to its specification, and one that could be considered valid. The ability to manipulate the results returned by these tools raises issues of identity, trust, security and risk.

      | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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        Preserving Your Personal Digital Memories Webinar Released

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 10th, 2011

        The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program and the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services have released a webinar on Preserving Your Personal Digital Memories. (Note that the gotowebinar codec is required.)

        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

        Many people want to keep their digital photographs, videos and other files as long-term personal and family memories. This is a fairly new challenge, as until recently most personal documentation was in a hard copy or other analog format. . . .

        NDIIPP staff member Bill LeFurgy drew from the program's personal digital archiving guidance in providing practical tips for identifying, selecting, organizing and storing personal digital collections. Over 500 organizations and individuals participated in the webinar, which was held as part of national Preservation Week.

        | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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          Managing and Sharing Data: Best Practice for Researchers

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on May 9th, 2011

          The UK Data Archive has released a new edition of Managing and Sharing Data: Best Practice for Researchers.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          To support researchers in producing high quality research data for long-term use, the UK Data Archive has revised and expanded its popular and highly cited Managing and Sharing Data: best practice for researchers, first published in 2009.

          The new third edition is 36 pages covering:

          • why and how to share research data
          • data management planning and costing
          • documenting data
          • formatting data
          • storing data
          • ethics and consent issues
          • data copyright
          • data management strategies for large investments

          | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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            Open Data: UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Adopts EPSRC Policy Framework on Research Data

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Access on May 8th, 2011

            The UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, which is "the main UK government agency for funding research and training in engineering and the physical sciences," has adopted the EPSRC Policy Framework on Research Data.

            Here's an excerpt from the document:

            This policy framework sets out EPSRC's expectations concerning the management and provision of access to EPSRC-funded research data. EPSRC recognises that a range of institutional policies and practices can satisfy these expectations, and encourages research organisations to develop specific approaches which, while aligned with EPSRC's expectations, are appropriate to their own structures and cultures.

            The expectations arise from seven core principles which align with the core RCUK principles on data sharing. Two of the principles are of particular importance: firstly, that publicly funded research data should generally be made as widely and freely available as possible in a timely and responsible manner; and, secondly, that the research process should not be damaged by the inappropriate release of such data.

            | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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              Preserving News in the Digital Environment: Mapping the Newspaper Industry in Transition

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on May 5th, 2011

              The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program has released Preserving News in the Digital Environment: Mapping the Newspaper Industry in Transition, which was written by a team from the Center for Research Libraries.

              Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

              This report provides a vivid glimpse inside the workplaces that produce what – not long ago – we would have called newspapers. As digital news-gathering and production methods proliferate, and as digital avenues for distribution emerge, these workplaces are being transformed in profound ways, with electronic facsimiles and websites (and probably more) overtaking the paper format.

              The report is an outgrowth of the Preserving Digital News meeting held at the Library in September 2009, and it features illustrative examples from four American newspapers: The Arizona Republic, Seattle Post-Intelligencer (since 2008, seattlepi.com), Wisconsin State Journal, and The Chicago Tribune. There is additional information pertaining to the work of The New York Times, Investor’s Business Daily, and the Associated Press. Altogether, the report makes it clear that the transition to the digital environment is not a neat, throw-the-switch change.

              | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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                "Preserving Repository Content: Practical Tools for Repository Managers"

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 1st, 2011

                Miggie Pickton, Debra Morris, Stephanie Meece, Simon Coles, and Steve Hitchcock have published "Preserving Repository Content: Practical Tools for Repository Managers" in the latest issue of the Journal of Digital Information.

                Here's an excerpt:

                The stated aim of many repositories is to provide permanent open access to their content. However, relatively few repositories have implemented practical action plans towards permanence. Repository managers often lack time and confidence to tackle the important but scary problem of preservation.

                Written by, and aimed at, repository managers, this paper describes how the JISC-funded KeepIt project has been bringing together existing preservation tools and services with appropriate training and advice to enable repository managers to formulate practical and achievable preservation plans.

                Three elements of the KeepIt project are described:

                1. The initial, exploratory phase in which repository managers and a preservation specialist established the current status of each repository and its preservation objectives;
                2. The repository-specific KeepIt preservation training course which covered the organisational and financial framework of repository preservation; metadata; the new preservation tools; and issues of trust between repository, users and services;
                3. The application of tools and lessons learned from the training course to four exemplar repositories and the impact that this has made.

                The paper concludes by recommending practical steps that all repository managers may take to ensure their repositories are preservation-ready.

                | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Institutional Repository Bibliography |

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