Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Towards Repository Preservation Services. Final Report from the JISC Preserv 2 Project

Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, EPrints, Fedora, Institutional Repositories on October 28th, 2009

Steve Hitchcock, David Tarrant, and Les Carr have self-archived Towards Repository Preservation Services. Final Report from the JISC Preserv 2 Project in the ECS EPrints Repository.

Here's the abstract:

Preserv 2 investigated the preservation of data in digital institutional repositories, focussing in particular on managing storage, data and file formats. Preserv 2 developed the first repository storage controller, which will be a feature of EPrints version 3.2 software (due 2009). Plugin applications that use the controller have been written for Amazon S3 and Sun cloud services among others, as well as for local disk storage. In a breakthrough application Preserv 2 used OAI-ORE to show how data can be moved between two repository softwares with quite distinct data models, from an EPrints repository to a Fedora repository. The largest area of work in Preserv 2 was on file format management and an 'active' preservation approach. This involves identifying file formats, assessing the risks posed by those formats and taking action to obviate the risks where that could be justified. These processes were implemented with reference to a technical registry, PRONOM from The National Archives (TNA), and DROID (digital record object identification service), also produced by TNA. Preserv 2 showed we can invoke a current registry to classify the digital objects and present a hierarchy of risk scores for a repository. Classification was performed using the Preserv2 EPrints preservation toolkit. This 'wraps' DROID in an EPrints repository environment. This toolkit will be another feature available for EPrints v3.2 software. The result of file format identification can indicate a file is at risk of becoming inaccessible or corrupted. Preserv 2 developed a repository interface to present formats by risk category. Providing risk scores through the live PRONOM service was shown to be feasible. Spin-off work is ongoing to develop format risk scores by compiling data from multiple sources in a new linked data registry.

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    Papers from the European Research Area 2009 Conference

    Posted in Cyberinfrastructure/E-Science, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Access on October 27th, 2009

    Papers from the European Research Area 2009 Conference are now available.

    Here's a selection from the "Open Access and Preservation" session:

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      Digital Videos: Presentations from Access 2009 Conference

      Posted in Copyright, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on October 13th, 2009

      Presentations from the Access 2009 Conference are now available. Digital videos and presentation slides (if available) are synched.

      Here's a quick selection:

      1. Dan Chudnov, "Repository Development at the Library of Congress"
      2. Cory Doctorow, "Copyright vs Universal Access to All Human Knowledge and Groups Without Cost: The State of Play in the Global Copyfight"
      3. Mark Jordan & Brian Owen, "COPPUL's LOCKSS Private Network / Software Lifecycles & Sustainability: a PKP and reSearcher Update"
      4. Dorthea Salo, "Representing and Managing the Data Deluge"
      5. Roy Tennant, "Inspecting the Elephant: Characterizing the Hathi Trust Collection"
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        Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries' Data Conservancy Project Funded by $20 Million NSF Grant

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 4th, 2009

        The Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries' Data Conservancy project has been funded by a $20 million NSF grant.

        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

        The Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries have been awarded $20 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to build a data research infrastructure for the management of the ever-increasing amounts of digital information created for teaching and research. The five-year award, announced this week, was one of two for what is being called "data curation."

        The project, known as the Data Conservancy, involves individuals from several institutions, with Johns Hopkins University serving as the lead and Sayeed Choudhury, Hodson Director of the Digital Research and Curation Center and associate dean of university libraries, as the principal investigator. In addition, seven Johns Hopkins faculty members are associated with the Data Conservancy, including School of Arts and Sciences professors Alexander Szalay, Bruce Marsh, and Katalin Szlavecz; School of Engineering professors Randal Burns, Charles Meneveau, and Andreas Terzis; and School of Medicine professor Jef Boeke. The Hopkins-led project is part of a larger $100 million NSF effort to ensure preservation and curation of engineering and science data.

        Beginning with the life, earth, and social sciences, project members will develop a framework to more fully understand data practices currently in use and arrive at a model for curation that allows ease of access both within and across disciplines.

        "Data curation is not an end but a means," said Choudhury. "Science and engineering research and education are increasingly digital and data-intensive, which means that new management structures and technologies will be critical to accommodate the diversity, size, and complexity of current and future data sets and streams. Our ultimate goal is to support new ways of inquiry and learning. The potential for the sharing and application of data across disciplines is incredible. But it’s not enough to simply discover data; you need to be able to access it and be assured it will remain available."

        The Data Conservancy grant represents one of the first awards related to the Institute of Data Intensive Engineering and Science (IDIES), a collaboration between the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, the Whiting School of Engineering, and the Sheridan Libraries. . . .

        In addition to the $20 million grant announced today, the Libraries received a $300,000 grant from NSF to study the feasibility of developing, operating and sustaining an open access repository of articles from NSF-sponsored research. Libraries staff will work with colleagues from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR), and the University of Michigan Libraries to explore the potential for the development of a repository (or set of repositories) similar to PubMedCentral, the open-access repository that features articles from NIH-sponsored research. This grant for the feasibility study will allow Choudhury's group to evaluate how to integrate activities under the framework of the Data Conservancy and will result in a set of recommendations for NSF regarding an open access repository.

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          Indiana University Bloomington Media Preservation Survey

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on October 1st, 2009

          Indiana University Bloomington has released its Media Preservation Survey.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The survey task force recommends a number of actions to facilitate the time-critical process of rescuing IUB’s audio, video, and film media.

          • Appoint a campus-wide taskforce to advise
            • the development of priorities for preservation action
            • the development of a campus-wide preservation plan
            • how units can leverage resources for the future
          • Create a centralized media preservation and digitization center that will serve the entire campus, using international standards for preservation transfer. As part of the planning for this center, hire a
            • media preservation specialist
            • film archivist
          • Develop special funding for the massive and rapid digitization of the treasures of IU over the next 10 years.
          • Create a centralized physical storage space appropriate for film, video, and audio.
          • Provide archival appraisal and control across campus to
            • assure quality of digitization for preservation
            • oversee plans for maintaining original media
          • Develop cataloging services for special collections to improve intellectual control to
            • accelerate research opportunities
            • improve access.
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            Oya Rieger's Presentation on "Enduring Access to Special Collections: Challenges and Opportunities"

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Mass Digitizaton on September 29th, 2009

            RBMS has made Oya Rieger's presentation on "Enduring Access to Special Collections: Challenges and Opportunities" (MP3 file and PDF file) available as part of its Selected Presentations and Documents from the 2009 RBMS Preconference page.

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              "Digital Preservation: Logical and Bit-Stream Preservation Using Plato, EPrints and the Cloud"

              Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, EPrints on September 27th, 2009

              Adam Field, David Tarrant, Andreas Rauber, and Hannes Kulovits have self-archived their "Digital Preservation: Logical and Bit-Stream Preservation Using Plato, EPrints and the Cloud" presentation on the ECS EPrints Repository.

              Here's an excerpt from the abstract:

              This tutorial shows attendees the latest facilities in the EPrints open source repository platform for dealing with preservation tasks in a practical and achievable way, and new mechanisms for integrating the repository with the cloud and the user desktop, in order to be able to offer a trusted and managed storage solution to end users. . . .

              The benefit of this tutorial is the grounding of digital curation advice and theory into achievable good practice that delivers helpful services to end users for their familiar personal desktop environments and new cloud services.

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                Digital Audio: "Library of Congress: Testing the Cloud"

                Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 24th, 2009

                Federal News Radio has released "Library of Congress: Testing the Cloud," an interview with Bill LeFurgy, the Digital Initiatives Project Manager at the Library of Congress. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)

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                  Digital Preservation: Life2 Final Project Report

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on September 20th, 2009

                  JISC has released Life2 Final Project Report.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  LIFE Model v2 outlines a fully-revised lifecycle model taking into account feedback from user groups, the Case Studies and the wider digital preservation community.

                  Generic Preservation Model (GPM) summarises the update to the preservation model with an accompanying spreadsheet. This model allows institutions to estimate potential digital preservation costs for their collections. The GPM fits into the updated LIFE Model.

                  An Economic Evaluation of LIFE was written by economist Bo-Christer Björk on the approach used for both the first and second phases of LIFE. This independent review validates the LIFE approach for lifecycle costing.

                  The SHERPA DP Case Study outlines the mapping of the repository services that CeRch provides to the LIFE Model. The SHERPA-LEAP Case Study maps three very different HE repositories to the LIFE Model. Goldsmiths University of London, Royal Holloway University of London and UCL (University College London) each provide exemplars of varying collections. Each institution’s repository is at a different stage of development.

                  The Newspapers Case Study successfully maps both analogue and digital newspaper collections to the LIFE Model. This success means that LIFE could be developed into a fully-compatible predictive tool across both analogue and digital collections, allowing for comparison both throughout the lifecycles of a collection and across different types of collections.

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                    SHERPA DP2: Developing Services for Archiving and Preservation in a Distributed Environment—Final Report

                    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 17th, 2009

                    JISC has released SHERPA DP2: Developing Services for Archiving and Preservation in a Distributed Environment—Final Report.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The SHERPA DP2 project (2007-2009) was a two year project funded by the JISC under the Digital Preservation and Records Management Programme. The project was led by the Centre for e- Research at King's College London (formerly the Executive of the Arts and Humanities Data Service), which is working with several institutions to develop a preservation service that will cater for the requirements of a diverse range of digital resources and web-based resources. In summary, the project has the following objectives:

                    1. Extend and refine the OAIS-based Shared Services model created for the initial SHERPA DP project to accommodate the requirements of different Content Providers and varied collaborative methods.
                    2. Produce a set of services that will assist with the capture and return of research data stored in distributed locations, building upon existing software tools.
                    3. Expand upon the work processes and software tools developed for SHERPA DP(1) and SOAPI to cater for the curation and preservation of increasingly diverse resource types.
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                      Digital Preservation: Media Vault Program Interim Report

                      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on September 15th, 2009

                      The Media Vault Program has released Media Vault Program Interim Report.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      All major studies and reports on the sustainability of digital resources point to a multitude of barriers that can be clustered into four factors:

                      Economic: Who owns the problem, and who benefits from the solutions? Who pays for the services, long-term preservation, development, and curation? . . . .

                      Technical: Simple services are needed, but they are not simple to build, implement and support in our complex environment. Successful structures that can support digital scholarship must account for user needs, emerging technologies/file formats, adverse working contexts (fieldwork, offline, multi-platform), and should be supported at the enterprise scale. . . .

                      Political/Organizational: . . . . there are good reasons for the various service provider organizations to innovate on their own, but there is much to gain from working together on common goals and milestones. In fact, where communities have succeeded in softening the boundaries between content producers and consumers, supporters and beneficiaries, significant successes have been achieved. . . .

                      Social: We live in interesting times . . . and the prevalence of cheap/stolen media has produced an expectation that things should be always available, conveniently packaged, and free. Where some organizations, such as the Long Now Foundation, are hoping to "provide counterpoint to today's "Faster/cheaper" mind set and promote 'slower/better' thinking," it may be up to those of us who care deeply about the persistence of research data to step up as the seas continue to change.

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                        Harvard University Library Launched Web Archive Collection Service (WAX)

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 2nd, 2009

                        The Harvard University Library has launched its Web Archive Collection Service (WAX).

                        Here's an excerpt from the press release (posted on

                        WAX began as a pilot project in July 2006, funded by the University's Library Digital Initiative (LDI) to address the management of web sites by collection managers for long-term archiving. It was the first LDI project specifically oriented toward preserving "born-digital" material. . . .

                        During the pilot, we explored the legal terrain and implemented several methods of mitigating risks. We investigated various technologies and developed work flow efficiencies for the collection managers and the technologists. We analyzed and implemented the metadata and deposit requirements for long term preservation in our repository. We continue to look at ways to ease the labor intensive nature of the QA process, to improve display as the software matures and to assess additional requirements for long term preservation. . . .

                        WAX was built using several open source tools developed by the Internet Archive and other International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC) members. These IIPC tools include the Heritrix web crawler; the Wayback index and rendering tool; and the NutchWAX index and search tool. WAX also uses Quartz open source job scheduling software from OpenSymphony.

                        In February 2009, the pilot public interface was launched and announced to the University community. WAX has now transitioned to a production system supported by the University Library's central infrastructure.

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                          Digital Scholarship

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