Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Open Data: UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Adopts EPSRC Policy Framework on Research Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Access on May 8th, 2011

The UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, which is "the main UK government agency for funding research and training in engineering and the physical sciences," has adopted the EPSRC Policy Framework on Research Data.

Here's an excerpt from the document:

This policy framework sets out EPSRC's expectations concerning the management and provision of access to EPSRC-funded research data. EPSRC recognises that a range of institutional policies and practices can satisfy these expectations, and encourages research organisations to develop specific approaches which, while aligned with EPSRC's expectations, are appropriate to their own structures and cultures.

The expectations arise from seven core principles which align with the core RCUK principles on data sharing. Two of the principles are of particular importance: firstly, that publicly funded research data should generally be made as widely and freely available as possible in a timely and responsible manner; and, secondly, that the research process should not be damaged by the inappropriate release of such data.

| Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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    Preserving News in the Digital Environment: Mapping the Newspaper Industry in Transition

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on May 5th, 2011

    The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program has released Preserving News in the Digital Environment: Mapping the Newspaper Industry in Transition, which was written by a team from the Center for Research Libraries.

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    This report provides a vivid glimpse inside the workplaces that produce what – not long ago – we would have called newspapers. As digital news-gathering and production methods proliferate, and as digital avenues for distribution emerge, these workplaces are being transformed in profound ways, with electronic facsimiles and websites (and probably more) overtaking the paper format.

    The report is an outgrowth of the Preserving Digital News meeting held at the Library in September 2009, and it features illustrative examples from four American newspapers: The Arizona Republic, Seattle Post-Intelligencer (since 2008, seattlepi.com), Wisconsin State Journal, and The Chicago Tribune. There is additional information pertaining to the work of The New York Times, Investor’s Business Daily, and the Associated Press. Altogether, the report makes it clear that the transition to the digital environment is not a neat, throw-the-switch change.

    | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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      "Preserving Repository Content: Practical Tools for Repository Managers"

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 1st, 2011

      Miggie Pickton, Debra Morris, Stephanie Meece, Simon Coles, and Steve Hitchcock have published "Preserving Repository Content: Practical Tools for Repository Managers" in the latest issue of the Journal of Digital Information.

      Here's an excerpt:

      The stated aim of many repositories is to provide permanent open access to their content. However, relatively few repositories have implemented practical action plans towards permanence. Repository managers often lack time and confidence to tackle the important but scary problem of preservation.

      Written by, and aimed at, repository managers, this paper describes how the JISC-funded KeepIt project has been bringing together existing preservation tools and services with appropriate training and advice to enable repository managers to formulate practical and achievable preservation plans.

      Three elements of the KeepIt project are described:

      1. The initial, exploratory phase in which repository managers and a preservation specialist established the current status of each repository and its preservation objectives;
      2. The repository-specific KeepIt preservation training course which covered the organisational and financial framework of repository preservation; metadata; the new preservation tools; and issues of trust between repository, users and services;
      3. The application of tools and lessons learned from the training course to four exemplar repositories and the impact that this has made.

      The paper concludes by recommending practical steps that all repository managers may take to ensure their repositories are preservation-ready.

      | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Institutional Repository Bibliography |

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        "’Link Rot’ and Legal Resources on the Web: A 2011 Analysis by the Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group"

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 26th, 2011

        The Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group has released "'Link Rot' and Legal Resources on the Web: A 2011 Analysis by the Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group."

        Here's an excerpt:

        The Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group has completed its fourth annual investigation of link rot among the original URLs for online law- and policy-related materials archived though the group's efforts.

        The Chesapeake Group focuses primarily on the preservation of Web-published legal materials, which often disappear as Web site content is rearranged or deleted over time. In the four years since the program began, the Chesapeake Group has built a digital archive collection comprising more than 7,400 digital items and 3,200 titles, all of which were originally posted to the Web.

        | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 |

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          Digital Preservation: JHOVE2 2.0.0 Released

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 24th, 2011

          The JHOVE2 project team has released version 2.0.0 of JHOVE2. JHOVE2 is "open source software for format-aware characterization of digital objects."

          Here's an excerpt from the press release:

          This release supports all the major technical objectives of the project, including a more sophisticated, modular architecture; signature-based file identification; policy-based assessment of objects; recursive characterization of objects comprising aggregate files and files arbitrarily nested in containers; and extensive configuration and reporting options. It provides a stabile interface against which developers can code new format modules.

          Format modules included in this release are:

          • ICC color profiles
          • SGML
          • Shapefile
          • TIFF
          • UTF-8
          • WAVE
          • XML
          • Zip

          | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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            Preservation of Digitized Books and Other Digital Content Held by Cultural Heritage Organizations

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, E-Books, Reports and White Papers on April 14th, 2011

            Portico has released the Preservation of Digitized Books and Other Digital Content Held by Cultural Heritage Organizations.

            Here's an excerpt:

            In one response to this need to develop models of digital preservation, the NEH and IMLS awarded a grant to Portico, in partnership with Cornell University Library, through the "Advancing Knowledge: The IMLS/NEH Digital Partnership grant program" to develop a practical model for how preservation can be accomplished for digitized books. Through this initiative and other efforts, Portico had the opportunity to discuss digital collections and their long-term preservation with 27 cultural heritage organizations. In addition, Cornell University Library provided significant samples of content to analyze. Out of this research and the extensive experience in preservation at both Portico and Cornell University Library, we developed a model for the preservation of digitized books and other "document like" digital content at cultural heritage organizations.

            | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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              CLIR Gets Grant from Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to Study Data Curation Issues

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Grants on April 12th, 2011

              The Council on Library and Information Resources has received a $117,567 grant from Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to study data curation issues. CLIR's Digital Library Federation will administer the grant. Chuck Henry (CLIR), Rachel Frick (DLF), and Elliott Shore (Bryn Mawr College) will be the principal investigators.

              Here's an excerpt from the press release:

              Most graduate programs in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities are not well prepared to cultivate the data management skills of their students, or sometimes even to teach them why such skills are important to the survival of their fields of study. In every discipline, at least some professionals must come to grasp the complex demands related to the creation, access, reuse, and preservation of digital research data, which have been the purview of the library and information technology professions, and of schools of library, information, and computer science.

              "Developing and maintaining skills in data curation must become central to the professional identities of specialists in each discipline if our educational institutions are to build robust, efficient, and appropriately integrated online environments for future research, teaching, and learning," said CLIR President Chuck Henry. "We are grateful to the Sloan Foundation for the opportunity to deepen our understanding of the landscape that is developing around digital curation practice and education."

              The project will consist of three interrelated activities. The first will be an environmental scan of professional development needs, and of education and training opportunities for digital curation in the academy. The second will be an anthropological study of five sites where digital curation activities are under way. The third will be a report that analyzes the results of the two research efforts and includes a proposal, informed by the findings, for amending the curriculum for CLIR's Postdoctoral Fellowship in Academic Libraries program.

              | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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                NEH Humanities Collections and Reference Resources Grants Available

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities, Digitization, Grants on April 12th, 2011

                The National Endowment for the Humanities has announced the availability of Humanities Collections and Reference Resources grants. The maximum award is $350,000 (up to three years). The deadline is July 20, 2011.

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                The Humanities Collections and Reference Resources program supports projects that provide an essential foundation for scholarship, education, and public programming in the humanities. Thousands of libraries, archives, museums, and historical organizations across the country maintain important collections of books and manuscripts, photographs, sound recordings and moving images, archaeological and ethnographic artifacts, art and material culture, and digital objects. Funding from this program strengthens efforts to extend the life of such materials and make their intellectual content widely accessible, often through the use of digital technology. Awards are also made to create various reference resources that facilitate use of cultural materials, from works that provide basic information quickly to tools that synthesize and codify knowledge of a subject for in-depth investigation.

                Applications may be submitted for projects that address one or more of the following activities:

                • arranging and describing archival and manuscript collections;
                • cataloging collections of printed works, photographs, recorded sound, moving images, art, and material culture;
                • providing conservation treatment (including deacidification) for collections, leading to enhanced access;
                • digitizing collections;
                • preserving and improving access to born-digital sources;
                • developing databases, virtual collections, or other electronic resources to codify information on a subject or to provide integrated access to selected humanities materials;
                • creating encyclopedias;
                • preparing linguistic tools, such as historical and etymological dictionaries, corpora, and reference grammars (separate funding is available for endangered language projects in partnership with the National Science Foundation);
                • developing tools for spatial analysis and representation of humanities data, such as atlases and geographic information systems (GIS); and
                • designing digital tools to facilitate use of humanities resources.

                | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 |

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