Archive for the 'Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web' Category

Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery (Draft)

Posted in Electronic Resources, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Metadata on October 17th, 2013

The National Information Standards Organization has released a draft of the Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Launched in 2012, the NISO Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims to facilitate increased transparency in the content coverage of index-based discovery services and to recommend consistent methods of content exchange. This draft recommended practice provides specific guidelines for content providers on metadata elements, linking, and technical formats, and for discovery service providers on content listings, linking, file formats, methods of transfer, and usage statistics. The document also provides background information on the evolution of discovery and delivery technology and a standard set of terminology and definitions for this technology area.

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    "Crafting Linked Open Data for Cultural Heritage: Mapping and Curation Tools for the Linked Jazz Project"

    Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on July 19th, 2013

    M. Cristina Pattuelli, Matt Miller, Leanora Lange, Sean Fitzell, and Carolyn Li-Madeo have published "Crafting Linked Open Data for Cultural Heritage: Mapping and Curation Tools for the Linked Jazz Project" in the latest issue of Code4Lib Journal.

    Here's an excerpt:

    This paper describes tools and methods developed as part of Linked Jazz, a project that uses Linked Open Data (LOD) to reveal personal and professional relationships among jazz musicians based on interviews from jazz archives. The overarching aim of Linked Jazz is to explore the possibilities offered by LOD to enhance the visibility of cultural heritage materials and enrich the semantics that describe them. While the full Linked Jazz dataset is still under development, this paper presents two applications that have laid the foundation for the creation of this dataset: the Mapping and Curator Tool, and the Transcript Analyzer. These applications have served primarily for data preparation, analysis, and curation and are representative of the types of tools and methods needed to craft linked data from digital content available on the web. This paper discusses these two domain-agnostic tools developed to create LOD from digital textual documents and offers insight into the process behind the creation of LOD in general.

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      "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums"

      Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on June 21st, 2013

      Ed Summers and Dorothea Salo have self-archived "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums" in arXiv.org.

      Here's an excerpt:

      The Web publishing paradigm of Linked Data has been gaining traction in the cultural heritage sector: libraries, archives and museums. At first glance, the principles of Linked Data seem simple enough. However experienced Web developers, designers and architects who attempt to put these ideas into practice often find themselves having to digest and understand debates about Web architecture, the semantic web, artificial intelligence and the philosophical nature of identity. In this paper I will discuss some of the reasons why Linked Data is of interest to the cultural heritage community, what some of the pain points are for deploying it, and characterize some pragmatic ways for cultural heritage organizations to realize the goals of Linked Data with examples from the Web we have today.

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        "Twenty-Five Shades of Greycite: Semantics for Referencing and Preservation"

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on April 30th, 2013

        Phillip Lord and Lindsay Marshall have self-archived "Twenty-Five Shades of Greycite: Semantics for Referencing and Preservation" in arXiv.org .

        Here's an excerpt:

        Semantic publishing can enable richer documents with clearer, computationally interpretable properties. For this vision to become reality, however, authors must benefit from this process, so that they are incentivised to add these semantics. Moreover, the publication process that generates final content must allow and enable this semantic content. Here we focus on author-led or "grey" literature, which uses a convenient and simple publication pipeline. We describe how we have used metadata in articles to enable richer referencing of these articles and how we have customised the addition of these semantics to articles. Finally, we describe how we use the same semantics to aid in digital preservation and non-repudiability of research articles

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          "Designing the W3C Open Annotation Data Model"

          Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Scholarly Communication on April 26th, 2013

          Robert Sanderson, Paolo Ciccarese, and Herbert Van de Sompel have self-archived "Designing the W3C Open Annotation Data Model" in arXiv.org.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The Open Annotation Core Data Model specifies an interoperable framework for creating associations between related resources, called annotations, using a methodology that conforms to the Architecture of the World Wide Web. Open Annotations can easily be shared between platforms, with sufficient richness of expression to satisfy complex requirements while remaining simple enough to also allow for the most common use cases, such as attaching a piece of text to a single web resource. This paper presents the W3C Open Annotation Community Group specification and the rationale behind the scoping and technical decisions that were made. It also motivates interoperable Annotations via use cases, and provides a brief analysis of the advantages over previous specifications.

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            "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums"

            Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on February 21st, 2013

            Ed Summers has self-archived "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums" in arXiv.org.

            Here's an excerpt :

            The Web publishing paradigm of Linked Data has been gaining traction in the cultural heritage sector: libraries, archives and museums. At first glance, the principles of Linked Data seem simple enough. However experienced Web developers, designers and architects who attempt to put these ideas into practice often find themselves having to digest and understand debates about Web architecture, the semantic web, artificial intelligence and the philosophical nature of identity. In this paper I will discuss some of the reasons why Linked Data is of interest to the cultural heritage community, what some of the pain points are for deploying it, and characterize some pragmatic ways for cultural heritage organizations to realize the goals of Linked Data with examples from the Web we have today.

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              "Linked Data Vocabulary Management: Infrastructure Support, Data Integration, and Interoperability"

              Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Metadata on September 11th, 2012

              Gordon Dunsire, Corey Harper, Diane Hillmann, and Jon Phipps have published "Linked Data Vocabulary Management: Infrastructure Support, Data Integration, and Interoperability" in a special issue of Information Standards Quarterly devoted to linked data issues.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Recently there has been a shift in popular approaches to large-scale metadata management and interoperability. Approaches rooted in semantic Web technologies, particularly in the resource description Framework (rdF) and related data modeling efforts, are gaining favor and popularity. In the library community, this trend has accelerated since the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) re-framed many of the Semantic Web's enabling technologies in terms of Linked Open Data (LOD)—a lightweight practice of using web-friendly identifiers, explicit domain models, and related ontologies to design graph-based metadata. As more and more RDF-based metadata become available, a lack of established best practices for vocabulary development and management in a Semantic Web world is leading to a certain level of vocabulary chaos. Strategies for vocabulary publishing, discovery, evaluation, and mapping have the potential to change the conversation significantly.

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                "Linked Data Services for Theses and Dissertations"

                Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on September 9th, 2012

                Thomas Johnson and Michael Boock have self-archived "Linked Data Services for Theses and Dissertations" in ScholarsArchive at Oregon State University.

                Here's an excerpt:

                This paper details work at Oregon State University to create a Linked Dataset covering the University's theses and dissertations. Using data from existing MARC and Qualified Dublin Core records, we have established a process and model for crosswalking data from existing records into a variety of Semantic Web vocabularies. Our approach is to create basic services on a dedicated thesis and dissertation interface, incrementally extending those available through our institutional repository. We describe services implemented, those in progress and plans for continued work. We also address the limitations of our existing metadata and resulting challenges in crosswalking and interoperability.

                | Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 | Digital Scholarship |

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