Archive for the 'Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web' Category

OCLC Makes WorldCat Works Available as Linked Data

Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, OCLC on April 29th, 2014

OCLC has made WorldCat Works available as linked data.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

OCLC has made 197 million bibliographic work descriptions—WorldCat Works—available as linked data, a format native to the Web that will improve discovery of library collections through a variety of popular sites and Web services.

Release of this data marks another step toward providing interconnected linked data views of WorldCat. By making this linked data available, library collections can be exposed to the wider Web community, integrating these collections and making them more easily discoverable through websites and services that library users visit daily, such as Google, Wikipedia and social networks.

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    Linked Archival Metadata: A Guidebook (Version 0.99)

    Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on April 28th, 2014

    Eric Lease Morgan and LiAM have released Linked Archival Metadata: A Guidebook (Version 0.99).

    Here's an excerpt:

    Linked data is a process for embedding the descriptive information of archives into the very fabric of the Web. By transforming archival description into linked data, an archivist will enable other people as well as computers to read and use their archival description, even if the others are not a part of the archival community. The process goes both ways. Linked data also empowers archivists to use and incorporate the information of other linked data providers into their local description. This enables archivists to make their descriptions more thorough, more complete, and more value-added. For example, archival collections could be automatically supplemented with geographic coordinates in order to make maps, images of people or additional biographic descriptions to make collections come alive, or bibliographies for further reading.

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      Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery (Draft)

      Posted in Electronic Resources, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Metadata on October 17th, 2013

      The National Information Standards Organization has released a draft of the Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      Launched in 2012, the NISO Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims to facilitate increased transparency in the content coverage of index-based discovery services and to recommend consistent methods of content exchange. This draft recommended practice provides specific guidelines for content providers on metadata elements, linking, and technical formats, and for discovery service providers on content listings, linking, file formats, methods of transfer, and usage statistics. The document also provides background information on the evolution of discovery and delivery technology and a standard set of terminology and definitions for this technology area.

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        "Crafting Linked Open Data for Cultural Heritage: Mapping and Curation Tools for the Linked Jazz Project"

        Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on July 19th, 2013

        M. Cristina Pattuelli, Matt Miller, Leanora Lange, Sean Fitzell, and Carolyn Li-Madeo have published "Crafting Linked Open Data for Cultural Heritage: Mapping and Curation Tools for the Linked Jazz Project" in the latest issue of Code4Lib Journal.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This paper describes tools and methods developed as part of Linked Jazz, a project that uses Linked Open Data (LOD) to reveal personal and professional relationships among jazz musicians based on interviews from jazz archives. The overarching aim of Linked Jazz is to explore the possibilities offered by LOD to enhance the visibility of cultural heritage materials and enrich the semantics that describe them. While the full Linked Jazz dataset is still under development, this paper presents two applications that have laid the foundation for the creation of this dataset: the Mapping and Curator Tool, and the Transcript Analyzer. These applications have served primarily for data preparation, analysis, and curation and are representative of the types of tools and methods needed to craft linked data from digital content available on the web. This paper discusses these two domain-agnostic tools developed to create LOD from digital textual documents and offers insight into the process behind the creation of LOD in general.

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          "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums"

          Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on June 21st, 2013

          Ed Summers and Dorothea Salo have self-archived "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums" in arXiv.org.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The Web publishing paradigm of Linked Data has been gaining traction in the cultural heritage sector: libraries, archives and museums. At first glance, the principles of Linked Data seem simple enough. However experienced Web developers, designers and architects who attempt to put these ideas into practice often find themselves having to digest and understand debates about Web architecture, the semantic web, artificial intelligence and the philosophical nature of identity. In this paper I will discuss some of the reasons why Linked Data is of interest to the cultural heritage community, what some of the pain points are for deploying it, and characterize some pragmatic ways for cultural heritage organizations to realize the goals of Linked Data with examples from the Web we have today.

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            "Twenty-Five Shades of Greycite: Semantics for Referencing and Preservation"

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on April 30th, 2013

            Phillip Lord and Lindsay Marshall have self-archived "Twenty-Five Shades of Greycite: Semantics for Referencing and Preservation" in arXiv.org .

            Here's an excerpt:

            Semantic publishing can enable richer documents with clearer, computationally interpretable properties. For this vision to become reality, however, authors must benefit from this process, so that they are incentivised to add these semantics. Moreover, the publication process that generates final content must allow and enable this semantic content. Here we focus on author-led or "grey" literature, which uses a convenient and simple publication pipeline. We describe how we have used metadata in articles to enable richer referencing of these articles and how we have customised the addition of these semantics to articles. Finally, we describe how we use the same semantics to aid in digital preservation and non-repudiability of research articles

            .

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              "Designing the W3C Open Annotation Data Model"

              Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Scholarly Communication on April 26th, 2013

              Robert Sanderson, Paolo Ciccarese, and Herbert Van de Sompel have self-archived "Designing the W3C Open Annotation Data Model" in arXiv.org.

              Here's an excerpt:

              The Open Annotation Core Data Model specifies an interoperable framework for creating associations between related resources, called annotations, using a methodology that conforms to the Architecture of the World Wide Web. Open Annotations can easily be shared between platforms, with sufficient richness of expression to satisfy complex requirements while remaining simple enough to also allow for the most common use cases, such as attaching a piece of text to a single web resource. This paper presents the W3C Open Annotation Community Group specification and the rationale behind the scoping and technical decisions that were made. It also motivates interoperable Annotations via use cases, and provides a brief analysis of the advantages over previous specifications.

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                "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums"

                Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on February 21st, 2013

                Ed Summers has self-archived "Linking Things on the Web: A Pragmatic Examination of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums" in arXiv.org.

                Here's an excerpt :

                The Web publishing paradigm of Linked Data has been gaining traction in the cultural heritage sector: libraries, archives and museums. At first glance, the principles of Linked Data seem simple enough. However experienced Web developers, designers and architects who attempt to put these ideas into practice often find themselves having to digest and understand debates about Web architecture, the semantic web, artificial intelligence and the philosophical nature of identity. In this paper I will discuss some of the reasons why Linked Data is of interest to the cultural heritage community, what some of the pain points are for deploying it, and characterize some pragmatic ways for cultural heritage organizations to realize the goals of Linked Data with examples from the Web we have today.

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