Archive for the 'Open Access' Category

DigitalKoans Turns 12

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications, Open Access, Publishing on April 20th, 2017

The first DigitalKoans post, which was about John Willinsky's book, The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship, was published twelve years ago today. It's been followed by 8,490 more posts. DigitalKoans has always been freely available and under versions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License. It has been completely independent, and it has not sought or accepted ads, sponsorships, or any other revenue generating activities. It has primarily focused on data/digital curation issues and open access issues, but it has also announced over 2,600 digital library and library IT jobs.

From 4/20/2005 through yesterday, DigitalKoans had over 13.4 million visitors, over 60.5 million file requests, and over 45.3 million page views. Excluding spiders, there were over 8 million visitors and over 19.8 million page views.

Digital Scholarship, a digital press, was established at the same time as DigitalKoans. In addition to DigitalKoans, it has published digital bibliographies/webliographies and digital books and book supplements under versions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License and the Creative Commons Attribution License. From 2009 to 2012, it also published low-cost or minimum cost (the lowest price that CreateSpace would accept) paperback versions of its digital books for libraries or individuals who wanted a hardcopy.

From 4/20/2005 through yesterday, Digital Scholarship had over 17.8 million visitors from 234 of the 240 Internet country domains, over 85.3 million file requests, and over 62.8 million page views. Excluding spiders, there were over 10.7 million visitors from 234 Internet country domains, over 49.2 million file requests, and over 28 million page views.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"The Influence of Journal Submission Guidelines on Author’s Reporting of Statistics and Use of Open Research Practices"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 20th, 2017

David Giofrè et al. have published "The Influence of Journal Submission Guidelines on Author's Reporting of Statistics and Use of Open Research Practices" in PLOS ONE.

Here's an excerpt:

From January 2014, Psychological Science introduced new submission guidelines that encouraged the use of effect sizes, estimation, and meta-analysis (the "new statistics"), required extra detail of methods, and offered badges for use of open science practices. We investigated the use of these practices in empirical articles published by Psychological Science and, for comparison, by the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, during the period of January 2013 to December 2015. The use of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) was extremely high at all times and in both journals. In Psychological Science, the use of confidence intervals increased markedly overall, from 28% of articles in 2013 to 70% in 2015, as did the availability of open data (3 to 39%) and open materials (7 to 31%). The other journal showed smaller or much smaller changes. Our findings suggest that journal-specific submission guidelines may encourage desirable changes in authors’ practices.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"New World, Same Model: Periodicals Price Survey 2017"

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Serials Crisis on April 20th, 2017

Stephen Bosch and Kittie Henderson have published "New World, Same Model: Periodicals Price Survey 2017" in Library Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

Since e-journal package prices are often based on custom publisher quotes, we analyzed the 2017 price increases of more than 6,300 e-journal packages handled by EBSCO and found that the average inflationary increase for 2017 was in the 4.5%–4.9% range. Reflecting the percentage of library orders dedicated to electronic format, approximately 78% of the 2017 orders placed by EBSCO on behalf of academic libraries were for either e-only or print plus online combinations.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"The Stars Are Aligning for Preprints"

Posted in Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on April 19th, 2017

Judy Luther has published "The Stars Are Aligning for Preprints" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

Here's an excerpt:

Significant events have occurred in rapid succession in the last year signaling that preprints, the author’s original manuscript before submission to a journal, will play a much larger role in the landscape. Developments with DOIs, changes in funder expectations, and the launch of new services indicate that preprints will no longer be limited to the hard sciences and social sciences.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

University of Hawai’i Awarded $90,000 Humanities Open Book Program Grant

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Books, University Presses on April 14th, 2017

The University of Hawai'i has received a $90,000 Humanities Open Book Program grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has awarded the University of Hawai‘i a $90,000 grant to digitize 100 out-of-print University of Hawai‘i Press books for open access.

The project is part of the Humanities Open Book Program, a joint initiative between the Mellon Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). . . .

Beginning in 2018, the digitized titles will be hosted on a custom open-access portal where readers will be able to download them in EPUB and PDF formats. A print-on-demand option will also be offered for select titles.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Ready for the Future? A Survey on Open Access with Scientists from the French National Research Center"

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on April 13th, 2017

Joachim Schöpfel et al. have self-archived "Ready for the Future? A Survey on Open Access with Scientists from the French National Research Center."

Here's an excerpt:

The CNRS senior research managers (laboratory directors) globally share the positive opinion towards OA revealed by other studies with researchers from the UK, Germany, the USA and other countries. However, they are more supportive of open repositories (green road) than of OA journal publishing (gold). The response patterns reveal a gap between generally positive opinions about OA and less supportive behaviours, principally publishing articles with article processing charges (APCs). A small group of senior research managers does not seem to be interested in green or gold OA and reluctant to self-archiving and OA publishing.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Open Data, [Open] Access: Linking Data Sharing and Article Sharing in the Earth Sciences"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 12th, 2017

Samantha Teplitzky has published "Open Data, [Open] Access: Linking Data Sharing and Article Sharing in the Earth Science" in the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication.

Here's an excerpt:

INTRODUCTION The norms of a research community influence practice, and norms of openness and sharing can be shaped to encourage researchers who share in one aspect of their research cycle to share in another. Different sets of mandates have evolved to require that research data be made public, but not necessarily articles resulting from that collected data. In this paper, I ask to what extent publications in the Earth Sciences are more likely to be open access (in all of its definitions) when researchers open their data through the Pangaea repository. METHODS Citations from Pangaea data sets were studied to determine the level of open access for each article. RESULTS This study finds that the proportion of gold open access articles linked to the repository increased 25% from 2010 to 2015 and 75% of articles were available from multiple open sources.

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"Transitioning from a Conventional to a’‘Mega’ Journal: A Bibliometric Case Study of the Journal Medicine"

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Metrics on April 10th, 2017

Simon Wakeling et al. have published "Transitioning from a Conventional to a'‘Mega' Journal: A Bibliometric Case Study of the Journal Medicine" in Publications.

Here's an excerpt:

This study compares the bibliometric profile of the journal Medicine before and after its transition to the OAMJ model. Three standard modes of bibliometric analysis are employed, based on data from Web of Science: journal output volume, author characteristics, and citation analysis. The journal’s article output is seen to have grown hugely since its conversion to an OAMJ, a rise driven in large part by authors from China. Articles published since 2015 have fewer citations, and are cited by lower impact journals than articles published before the OAMJ transition.

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Open Data: The Researcher Perspective

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing on April 7th, 2017

Elsevier and the Centre for Science and Technology Studies have released Open Data: The Researcher Perspective .

Here's an excerpt:

Combining information from a bibliometric analysis, a survey and case studies, this report examines how researchers share data, the attitudes of researchers toward sharing data, and why researchers might be reticent to share data.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Initiative for Open Citations (I4OC) Launches with Early Success"

Posted in ARL Libraries, Open Access, Publishing on April 7th, 2017

ARL has released "Initiative for Open Citations (I4OC) Launches with Early Success."

Here's an excerpt:

Six organizations today announced the establishment of the Initiative for Open Citations (I4OC): OpenCitations, the Wikimedia Foundation, PLOS, eLife, DataCite, and the Centre for Culture and Technology at Curtin University. The Association of Research Libraries is among 33 stakeholder projects and organizations—including the California Digital Library, the Center for Open Science, the Internet Archive, Mozilla, and the Wellcome Trust—that have formally put their names behind I4OC in support of openly accessible citations.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Openness as Social Praxis"

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Open Source Software on April 6th, 2017

Matthew Longshore Smith and Ruhiya Seward have published "Openness as Social Praxis" in First Monday.

Here's an excerpt:

The paper "Fifty shades of open" by Pomerantz and Peek (2016) highlighted the increasing ambiguity and even confusion surrounding this term. This article builds on Pomerantz and Peek’s attempt to disambiguate the term by offering an alternative understanding to openness —that of social praxis. More specifically, our framing can be broken down into three social processes: open production, open distribution, and open consumption. Each process shares two traits that make them open: you don’t have to pay (free price), and anyone can participate (non-discrimination) in these processes.

Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Organization and Delivery of Scholarly Communications Services by Academic and Research Libraries in the United Kingdom: Observations from Across the Pond"

Posted in Open Access, Research Libraries on March 31st, 2017

Christine Fruin has published "Organization and Delivery of Scholarly Communications Services by Academic and Research Libraries in the United Kingdom: Observations from Across the Pond" in the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication.

Here's an excerpt:

There are three primary takeaways from the experience of U.K. scholarly communication practitioners for U.S. librarians: increase collaboration with offices of research, reconsider current organization and delegation of scholarly communication services, and increase involvement in legislative and policy-making activity in the U.S. with respect to access to research.

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