Archive for the 'Open Science' Category

Behaviours and Technical Recommendations of the COAR Next Generation Repositories Working Group

Posted in Digital Repositories, Open Access, Open Science, Reports and White Papers, Self-Archiving on November 29th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

COAR has released Behaviours and Technical Recommendations of the COAR Next Generation Repositories Working Group.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

COAR's vision is to position repositories as the foundation for a distributed, globally networked infrastructure for scholarly communication, on top of which layers of value added services will be deployed, thereby transforming the system, making it more research-centric, open to and supportive of innovation, while also collectively managed by the scholarly community.

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"Building a Culture of Data Sharing: Policy Design and Implementation for Research Data Management in Development Research"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing on October 26th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Cameron Neylon has published "Building a Culture of Data Sharing: Policy Design and Implementation for Research Data Management in Development Research" in Research Ideas and Outcomes.

Here's an excerpt:

The project had two core findings. First that the shift from an aim of changing behaviour, to changing culture, has both subtle and profound implications for policy design and implementation. A particular finding is that the single point of contact that many data management and sharing policies create where a Data Management Plan is required at grant submission but then not further utilised is at best neutral and likely counter productive in supporting change in researcher culture.

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"Dissertation to Book? A Snapshot of Dissertations Published As Books in 2014 and 2105, Available in Open Access Institutional Repositories"

Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Books, Self-Archiving on October 26th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Anna Marie Johnson et al. have published "Dissertation to Book? A Snapshot of Dissertations Published As Books in 2014 and 2105, Available in Open Access Institutional Repositories" in the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication.

Here's an excerpt:

Only a small percentage of books published as dissertations were found in ProQuest and then subsequently in IRs. The number of libraries holding book titles with corresponding dissertations in IRs dropped between 2014 and 2015.

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The State of Open Data Report 2017

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Repositories, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Self-Archiving on October 24th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Figshare has released The State of Open Data Report 2017.

Here's an excerpt:

Its key finding is that open data has become more embedded in the research community—82% of survey respondents are aware of open data sets and more researchers are curating their data for sharing.

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"Who Owns Digital Science?"

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Publishing on October 24th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Roger C. Schonfeld has published "Who Owns Digital Science?" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

Here's an excerpt:

Other publishers—and libraries and universities—that are working in collaboration with, or customers of, various Digital Science businesses might wish to give greater attention to the implications. First, Digital Science itself may soon become an operating unit of Springer Nature. Second, this could well yield changes to the Digital Science strategy, if its current model as an investor were to give way to the operating integrations that have been a hallmark of Elsevier’s strategy.

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"Q&A with PLOS Co-founder Michael Eisen"

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 13th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Richard Poynder has published "Q&A with PLOS Co-founder Michael Eisen" in Open and Shut?.

Here's an excerpt:

ME [Michael Eisen]: The most important thing to do now is to get publishers—commercial and non-profit—out of the process. The whole industry is unnecessary and needlessly cumbersome and expensive. We should all just publish in places like bioRxiv (assuming its software gets better and produces finished documents people are happy to read) and do all peer review post publication. There should be little or no money transacted in the process—the infrastructure should be subsidized so it’s free to both publish and access all the content.

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Lots of Institutional Repositories Keep E-prints Safe

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Research Libraries, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 12th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The seductive allure of a commercial mega repository is two-fold: (1) everything is conveniently in one place, and (2) a company is taking care of the dreary and expensive business of running it.

Everything seems fine: problem solved! That is until something goes wrong, such as the repository being bought and controlled by a publisher or being threatened by lawsuits by a coterie of publishers.

Then it's important to remember: it's a company, and companies exist to make a profit.

Heh, companies are great. I wouldn't have just had that tasty cup of coffee without them. But, we should be very clear about what motivates companies and controls their behavior. And we shouldn't be shocked if they do things that aren't motivated by lofty goals.

I know: institutional repositories are hard work. The bloom is off the rose. But they exist to serve higher education, not make money, and they part of the academic communities they serve. And they can't be bought. And their universities don't often go out of business. And there are a lot of them. And they are not likely to be attractive targets for lawsuits unless something has gone very, very wrong at the local level.

Copyright is complicated. No one is advocating that we ignore it and just shove e-prints into IR's willy-nilly. Getting faculty to understand the ins and outs of e-print copyright is no picnic, nor is monitoring for compliance. But the battle is easier to fight at the local level where one-on-one faculty to librarian communication is possible.

For self-archiving to flourish in the long run, institutional repositories must flourish. By and large, librarians establish, run, and support them, and they are the quiet heroes of green open access who will continue to provide a sustainable and reliable infrastructure for self-archiving.

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"ResearchGate Backs Down"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 11th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Lindsay McKenzie has published "ResearchGate Backs Down" in Inside Higher Ed.

ResearchGate is removing "large numbers" of e-prints to comply with publisher demands.

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Coalition for Responsible Sharing’s Statement: "Publishers and Societies Take Action against ResearchGate’s Copyright Infringements"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Repositories, E-Prints, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 6th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The Coalition for Responsible Sharing has released "Publishers and Societies Take Action against ResearchGate’s Copyright Infringements."

Here's an excerpt:

Numerous attempts to agree with ResearchGate on amicable solutions, including signing up to the Voluntary Principles of Article Sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks and implementing a user-friendly technical solution, remained unsuccessful. Members of the Coalition for Responsible Sharing are therefore now resorting to formal means to alter ResearchGate's damaging practices. The coalition members include the American Chemical Society, Brill, Elsevier, Wiley and Wolters Kluwer. These organizations will begin to issue takedown notices to ResearchGate requesting that infringing content be removed from the site. Concurrently, The American Chemical Society and Elsevier are asking the courts to clarify ResearchGate's copyright responsibility.

See also: "ResearchGate: Publishers Take Formal Steps to Force Copyright Compliance."

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"Publishers Taking Legal Action against ResearchGate to Limit Unlicensed Paper Sharing on Networking Site"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Repositories, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 5th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Jyllian Kemsley and Andrea Widener have published "Publishers Taking Legal Action against ResearchGate to Limit Unlicensed Paper Sharing on Networking Site" in Chemical & Engineering News.

Publishers could issue "millions" of take-down notices to ResearchGate.

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COAR Annual Report 2016/17

Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Open Science on August 18th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The Confederation of Open Access Repositories has released the COAR Annual Report 2016/17 .

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The report contains information about strategy and outreach, annual meetings, activities of the Executive Board, Executive Director and Office as well as working and interest group accomplishments. Moreover, the report covers themes like marketing and communications, membership, publications and representation of COAR at major international and regional conferences.

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"Scientific Data From and for the Citizen"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science on August 10th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Sven Schade et al. have published "Scientific Data From and for the Citizen" in First Monday.

Here's an excerpt:

Powered by advances of technology, today's Citizen Science projects cover a wide range of thematic areas and are carried out from local to global levels. This wealth of activities creates an abundance of data, for example, in the forms of observations submitted by mobile phones; readings of low-cost sensors; or more general information about peoples’ activities. The management and possible sharing of this data has become a research topic in its own right. We conducted a survey in the summer of 2015 in order to collectively analyze the state of play in Citizen Science. This paper summarizes our main findings related to data access, standardization and data preservation. We provide examples of good practices in each of these areas and outline actions to address identified challenges.

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