Archive for the 'Open Science' Category

"The Influence of Journal Submission Guidelines on Author’s Reporting of Statistics and Use of Open Research Practices"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 20th, 2017

David Giofrè et al. have published "The Influence of Journal Submission Guidelines on Author's Reporting of Statistics and Use of Open Research Practices" in PLOS ONE.

Here's an excerpt:

From January 2014, Psychological Science introduced new submission guidelines that encouraged the use of effect sizes, estimation, and meta-analysis (the "new statistics"), required extra detail of methods, and offered badges for use of open science practices. We investigated the use of these practices in empirical articles published by Psychological Science and, for comparison, by the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, during the period of January 2013 to December 2015. The use of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) was extremely high at all times and in both journals. In Psychological Science, the use of confidence intervals increased markedly overall, from 28% of articles in 2013 to 70% in 2015, as did the availability of open data (3 to 39%) and open materials (7 to 31%). The other journal showed smaller or much smaller changes. Our findings suggest that journal-specific submission guidelines may encourage desirable changes in authors’ practices.

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"The World’s Approach towards Publishing in Springer and Elsevier’s APC-Funded Open Access Journals "

Posted in Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 13th, 2017

College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "The World's Approach towards Publishing in Springer and Elsevier's APC-Funded Open Access Journals.

Here's an excerpt:

The Netherlands, Norway and Poland ranked highest in terms of their OA shares. This can be attributed to the financial resources allocated to publication in general, and publishing in OA journals, in particular, by the countries. All developed countries and a large number of scientifically lagging and developing nations were found to publish OA articles in the APC journals. The OA papers have been exponentially growing across all the country scientific groups annually. Although the advanced nations published the lion share of the OA-APC papers and exhibited the highest growth, the under-development groups have been displaying high OA growth rates.

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"Open Data, [Open] Access: Linking Data Sharing and Article Sharing in the Earth Sciences"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 12th, 2017

Samantha Teplitzky has published "Open Data, [Open] Access: Linking Data Sharing and Article Sharing in the Earth Science" in the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication.

Here's an excerpt:

INTRODUCTION The norms of a research community influence practice, and norms of openness and sharing can be shaped to encourage researchers who share in one aspect of their research cycle to share in another. Different sets of mandates have evolved to require that research data be made public, but not necessarily articles resulting from that collected data. In this paper, I ask to what extent publications in the Earth Sciences are more likely to be open access (in all of its definitions) when researchers open their data through the Pangaea repository. METHODS Citations from Pangaea data sets were studied to determine the level of open access for each article. RESULTS This study finds that the proportion of gold open access articles linked to the repository increased 25% from 2010 to 2015 and 75% of articles were available from multiple open sources.

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Open Data: The Researcher Perspective

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing on April 7th, 2017

Elsevier and the Centre for Science and Technology Studies have released Open Data: The Researcher Perspective .

Here's an excerpt:

Combining information from a bibliometric analysis, a survey and case studies, this report examines how researchers share data, the attitudes of researchers toward sharing data, and why researchers might be reticent to share data.

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"Openness as Social Praxis"

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Open Source Software on April 6th, 2017

Matthew Longshore Smith and Ruhiya Seward have published "Openness as Social Praxis" in First Monday.

Here's an excerpt:

The paper "Fifty shades of open" by Pomerantz and Peek (2016) highlighted the increasing ambiguity and even confusion surrounding this term. This article builds on Pomerantz and Peek’s attempt to disambiguate the term by offering an alternative understanding to openness —that of social praxis. More specifically, our framing can be broken down into three social processes: open production, open distribution, and open consumption. Each process shares two traits that make them open: you don’t have to pay (free price), and anyone can participate (non-discrimination) in these processes.

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"European Commission Considering Leap into Open-Access Publishing"

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on March 31st, 2017

Martin Enserink has published "European Commission Considering Leap into Open-Access Publishing" in Science.

Here's an excerpt:

The European Commission, which spends more than £10 billion annually on research, may follow two other big league funders, the Wellcome Trust and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and set up a “publishing platform” for the scientists it funds, in an attempt to accelerate the transition to open-access publishing in Europe.

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"On the Reuse of Scientific Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science on March 29th, 2017

Irene V. Pasquetto, Bernadette M. Randles, and Christine L. Borgman have published "On the Reuse of Scientific Data" in Data Science Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

Data sharing practices, especially motivations and incentives, have received far more study than has data reuse, perhaps because of the array of contested concepts on which reuse rests and the disparate contexts in which it occurs. Here we explicate concepts of data, sharing, and open data as a means to examine data reuse. We explore distinctions between use and reuse of data. Lastly we propose six research questions on data reuse worthy of pursuit by the community: How can uses of data be distinguished from reuses? When is reproducibility an essential goal? When is data integration an essential goal? What are the tradeoffs between collecting new data and reusing existing data? How do motivations for data collection influence the ability to reuse data? How do standards and formats for data release influence reuse opportunities? We conclude by summarizing the implications of these questions for science policy and for investments in data reuse.

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Towards a Competitive and Sustainable Open Access Publishing Market in Europe

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on March 28th, 2017

OpenAIRE has released Towards a Competitive and Sustainable Open Access Publishing Market in Europe.

Here's an excerpt:

Without intervention, immediate OA to just half of Europe's scientific publications will not be achieved until 2025 or later. Readers in academia have greater access, to more content, than ever before. Despite this, the majority of publications arising from public investments in research remain in accessible to the public, and the growth of OA appears to be slowing.

This study considers the economic factors contributing to the current state of the open access publishing market, and evaluates the potential for European policymakers to enhance market competition and sustainability in parallel to increasing access.

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PubMed Launches LinkOut to Institutional Repository Full-Text Publications and Other Resources

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on March 23rd, 2017

PubMed has launched LinkOut.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

PubMed users can now see the icon that links to the full text deposited at an institutional repository (IR) using LinkOut. The LinkOut service allows you to link to full text, library holdings, and other relevant external resources from PubMed and other NCBI databases.

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A Snapshot of Open Data and Open Science Policies in Europe

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science, Reports and White Papers on March 22nd, 2017

SPARC Europe and the DCC have released A Snapshot of Open Data and Open Science Policies in Europe.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This report is the first in a series that will seek to shed light on similarities and differences in Open Data and Open Science policies between European nations, and to assess their effectiveness in opening research data.

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"No Scholar Is an Island: The Impact of Sharing in the Work Life of Scholars"

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on February 13th, 2017

Carol Tenopir et al. have published "No Scholar Is an Island: The Impact of Sharing in the Work Life of Scholars" in .

Here's an excerpt:

In an international survey of 1,000 published scholars, the Beyond Downloads project examined their sharing behaviours in order to gain a more contextualized and accurate picture of their usage beyond download patterns and citation counts. Scholars share published articles with others as a mode of content discovery and dissemination, particularly if they work in groups, and most expect to increase their sharing in the future.

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PLOS: Response to NIH RFI—Strategies for NIH Data Management, Sharing, and Citation

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing on January 31st, 2017

PLOS has released Response to NIH RFI—Strategies for NIH Data Management, Sharing, and Citation.

Here's an excerpt:

We write to express the views of the Public Library of Science, a fully Open Access Publisher of seven Research Journals, in response to your RFI on Data Sharing, Management, and Citation. Open access to Research Articles is just the first step in what we consider should be the end state for all publicly funded research, and we support broader efforts towards open science. We are developing our own policies to help establish a new norm in which upon publication of a journal article, if not before, all of the underlying data (where ethically appropriate) is openly available to access and reuse without restriction according to the FAIR principles for data management to make data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable.

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