The proceedings are the official record of all the peer reviewed submissions presented at iPres 2022, ensuring visibility and promotion of both academic research work and the projects and initiatives of institutions involved in digital preservation practices.
Introduction: The National Library of Medicine (NLM) launched a pilot in June 2020 to 1) explore the feasibility and utility of adding preprints to PubMed Central (PMC) and making them discoverable in PubMed and 2) to support accelerated discoverability of NIH-supported research without compromising user trust in NLM’s widely used literature services. Methods: The first phase of the Pilot focused on archiving preprints reporting NIH-supported SARS-CoV-2 virus and COVID-19 research. To launch Phase 1, NLM identified eligible preprint servers and developed processes for identifying NIH-supported preprints within scope in these servers. Processes were also developed for the ingest and conversion of preprints in PMC and to send corresponding records to PubMed. User interfaces were modified for display of preprint records. NLM collected data on the preprints ingested and discovery of preprint records in PMC and PubMed and engaged users through focus groups and a survey to obtain direct feedback on the Pilot and perceptions of preprints. Results: Between June 2020 and June 2022, NLM added more than 3,300 preprint records to PMC and PubMed, which were viewed 4 million times and 3 million times, respectively. Nearly a quarter of preprints in the Pilot were not associated with a peer-reviewed published journal article. User feedback revealed that the inclusion of preprints did not have a notable impact on trust in PMC or PubMed. Discussion: NIH-supported preprints can be identified and added to PMC and PubMed without disrupting existing operations processes. Additionally, inclusion of preprints in PMC and PubMed accelerates discovery of NIH research without reducing trust in NLM literature services. Phase 1 of the Pilot provided a useful testbed for studying NIH investigator preprint posting practices, as well as knowledge gaps among user groups, during the COVID-19 public health emergency, an unusual time with heightened interest in immediate access to research results.
Responsible for leadership in providing high-quality, robust integrated library systems that facilitate search, discovery, and delivery of library services and resources. Responsible for the development, implementation, maintenance, and advancement of digital projects and collections.
If the success of an innovation relates to the practice of Open Science — which at PLOS is about much more than reputation; it’s central to our mission — then what does success look like? And how do you measure it at the publisher scale? Indeed, to make progress towards any goal, good data are needed, including a view of your current and desired future states. Unfortunately, as recently as last year, there were no tools or services that could tell us everything we wanted to know, at PLOS, about Open Science practices. . . . This is, in part, why we developed and have recently shared the initial results of our "Open Science Indicators" initiative.
Reporting to the Co-Director of the Emory Center for Digital Scholarship (ECDS), the person that holds this position creates, modifies, and configures 3D models using a variety of computer modeling, simulation software, and geospatial data. In consultation with faculty and ECDS staff, prepares aesthetically composed digital media through graphic design, image processing, and data visualization for use in ECDS-supported digital scholarship projects.
The article describes the use and possible value creation of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFT) in the academic and open access publishing environment. It defines NFTs, describes disadvantages and possible solutions, especially in the intended scientific environment. An overview of existing NFT service providers from the publishing environment illustrates that there is not yet a suitable one for researchers. Accordingly, three possible scenarios are shown where NFT services could be located in a science-friendly way. One would be with library- or scholarly-led university presses, repositories, and other publication infrastructures (such as OJS or OMP). Another would be to use centralizing and channelling article submission platforms with which universities have contracts, such asChronosHub. The third and broadest approach would be through Digital ObjectIdentifier (DOI) registration agencies such as ChronosHub and DataCite, although complexities come into play here due to the triangular relationship with publishers registering DOIs (some of them having exclusive usage rights transferred to themselves). This complexity could be reduced by registeringNFTs only for open access publications with a Creative Commons Attribution license. A summary and outlook provide an overview of open questions and initial starting points to get started.
The Director of Library User Experience inspires the development of the new user experience (UX), accessibility, and diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) functional area within the Office of Knowledge Management and Information Science (OKMIS). Understanding the needs, expectations, and preferences of library users navigating a complex information landscape and the technology driving modern libraries, you will collaborate with partners throughout the institution to identify and plan improvements, establish best practices, and provide consultation, leadership, and advocacy for UX, accessibility, and DEI work within the University Library. . . . You will report to the Executive Director of Information Science and Emerging Technologies.
The FAIR principles (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability) constitute a guide whose aim is to improve the management of digital scholarly resources. Nevertheless, the literature regarding data services other than data repositories is still scarce.OpenEdition is a digital infrastructure for open scholarly communication in the Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) that carried out an internal full review to assess the degree of FAIRness of its activities. The objective of this paper is to present the methodology employed by OpenEdition’s team and the recommendations for the FAIRification of a publishing system, and hence, the elements for the FAIR Publishing Toolkit. The FAIR review was conducted in three main phases: preparation, assessment, and result phase, which listed the recommendations for the FAIR principles implementation. The preparation phase gathered the available information to define the perimeter of the FAIR review. It comprised two steps: the landscape study and the exam of actual use cases. The assessment phase contextualized the FAIR principles according to the scholarly publishing context, defined the datasets to be analyzed, carried outa FAIR maturity review per dataset, and analyzed the state of the art of some important FAIR-related elements. The result phase produced the recommendations, organized as priorities and extended objectives. The priority recommendations regard persistent identifiers and licensing policies. The extended objectives focus on authors’ information management, controlled vocabularies, machine-actionability, and Digital Management Plans.
Working in a team environment, the Head of Consortial Library Systems and Operations leads a team of Systems Librarians and staff dedicated to the shared systems and services managed by the University System of Maryland and Affiliated Institutions (USMAI) Library Consortium and participates in the overall strategy and strategic directions for the USMAI. The Head also participates in the design, selection, implementation, maintenance, and support of applications used by the 17 member libraries that make up the consortium.
Open digital scholarship is significant for facilitating public access to and engagement with research, and as a foundation for growing digital scholarly infrastructure around the world today and in the future. But the path to adopting open, digital scholarship on a national—never mind international—scale is challenged by several real, pragmatic issues. In this article, we consider these issues as well as proactive strategies for the realization of robust, inclusive, publicly engaged, open scholarship in digital form. We draw on the INKE Partnership’s central goal of fostering open social scholarship (academic practice that enables the creation, dissemination, and engagement of open research by specialists and non-specialists in accessible and significant ways). In doing so, we look to pursue more open, and more social, scholarly activities through knowledge mobilization, community training, public engagement, and policy recommendations in order to understand and address challenges facing digital scholarly communication. We then provide tangible details, outlining how the INKE Partnership puts open social scholarship theory into practice, with an eye to a more open and engaged future.
The Palace Project ("Palace"), the nonprofit library-centered platform and e-reader app for digital content and services, announced today that the Columbia University Library has adopted its platform. The Palace Project is an easy-to-use platform for the management and delivery of ebooks, audiobooks, and other e-content and puts libraries at the center of their communities’ digital experience. . . . The Palace App is available for iOS and Android. . . . In addition to Columbia University, New York University (NYU) and the University of California are academic library partners.
Under the direction of the Director of Information Discovery Services, the Associate Head of Digital Collections Discovery provides strategic leadership for services that enhance the experience of finding and using Harvard Library’s digital collections. The primary responsibility of this role is to create a compelling vision for the Digital Collections Discovery Services team. In leading this team, they must demonstrate flexibility in approach and motivate others to achieve desired results. In collaboration with the Head of UX & Digital Accessibility, they will also conduct long-range strategic planning and goal setting for the UX & Discovery department.
Currently, there are numerous gaps in geographic and domain coverage and some authors will choose to deposit their research outputs into another type of repository, such as an institutional or generalist repository. . . . To address these gaps, a COAR-ASAPbio Working Group on Preprint in Repositories identified ten recommended practices for managing preprints across three areas: linking, discovery, and editorial processes. While we acknowledge that many of these practices are not currently in use by institutional and generalist repositories, we hope that these recommendations will encourage repositories around the world that collect preprints to begin to apply them locally.
Stewards, supervises, and manages the Hesburgh Libraries’ Digital Strategies and Technology (DST) Division, its personnel, and its resources in ways that advance the mission, vision, strategic priorities, goals, objectives, key results, and values of the University of Notre Dame and its main library system. The DST Division has stewardship and oversight responsibilities for departments that manage Hesburgh Libraries’ technology functions, including library applications, web and software engineering, support and solutions analysis, enterprise systems, and the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship
Most clinical studies posted as preprints on medRxiv and subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals had concordant study characteristics, results, and final interpretations. With more than three-fourths of preprints published in journals within 24 months, these results may suggest that many preprints report findings that are consistent with the final peer-reviewed publications.
After training, AlphaCode solved about 34% of assigned problems, DeepMind reports this week in Science. . . . To further test its prowess, DeepMind entered AlphaCode into online coding competitions. In contests with at least 5000 participants, the system outperformed 45.7% of programmers. The researchers also compared its programs with those in its training database and found it did not duplicate large sections of code or logic. It generated something new—a creativity that surprised Ellis.
The Systems/Technology Librarian manages library technology to provide services and enhance access to information resources in all formats, including database and systems administration and full stack web application development. This position leads the development and implementation of library technologies and applications; serves as systems administrator for the Intergrated Library System (ILS); and configures and maintains the proxy server; and is the primary liaison to Innovative Interfaces and database vendors. The Systems/Technology Librarian trains and supports library staff on the use of the ILS and other applications; collaborates with Leatherby Libraries, and the University on technology-related issues; and develops and documents policies and procedures.This position reports to the Law Library Director.
Christoper J. Prom is a Professor in the University Library and currently serves in two administrative roles: Acting Associate Vice Chancellor for Research and Innovation — Humanities, Arts and Related Fields (May 2022 – ) and Associate Dean for Digital Strategies — University Library (2018 – ). From 2000 to 2018, he served as Assistant University Archivist in the University of Illinois Archives.
Under the general direction of the Digital Applications Manager, the position will plan, guide and help implement the continued development of the UC Davis Aggie Experts — research information management system (RIMS). The Aggie Experts team includes contributions from senior design personnel, application programmers, UI design, and project owners.
Not only should libraries pay for access to that number of articles in the next year, they should multiply it by two. This will mean that likely about half the prepaid article uses will go unclaimed by a libraries’ community during the coverage year. To justify the "double" payment, these unclaimed uses shall be made available for any online reader during the following year. . . . I call this plan Read & Let Read (R&LR).
The Copyright Librarian provides expertise and support to Leatherby Libraries’ Access Services (interlibrary loan and course reserves); Resources and Scholarly Communications; Special Collections and Archives, including the Center for American War Letters Archives; and other library departments on interpretation of copyright law, best practices, copyright education, assistance obtaining copyright permissions, review of digitization projects and sharing of archival materials, copyright review of data management, library blogs and other promotional materials, and copyright policy development, in consultation with Library Administration and Chapman University’s Legal Affairs.
In this study, we identified 3343 COVID-19–related preprints posted on medRxiv in 2020. Our March 2022 search indicated that 1712 of those preprints (51.2%) were subsequently published in the peer-reviewed literature; this number increased to 1742 (52.1%) when we repeated the search in October 2022. Not considering January 2020, in which only 1 article on COVID-19 was posted, the rate of subsequent publication in a scientific journal ranged from 43.5% (94 of 216 preprints; observed in March 2020) to 60.6% (177 of 292 preprints posted in August 2020). The Table shows the top 25 of 579 peer-reviewed journals in which these preprints were published; 827 preprints (47.5%) were subsequently published in quartile 1 journals (Figure).
The purpose of the Open Research Engagement Librarian is to support the open research agenda, identifying opportunities to communicate with and engage King’s researchers, staff in Libraries & Collections, and the wider King’s community. The postholder will work with the Open Research team, ensuring stakeholders are informed, consulted, and enthused about opportunities and developments in open research. This will include scholarly publishing, open data, bibliometrics, funder policies, and developments in the publishing landscape. They will be responsible for developing a programme of advocacy, knowledge sharing, and training, to promote and embed open research practices across the College.
Using image accessibility and alt text as a lens, our objective was to evaluate how open access journals incorporate disability accessibility as part of open access publishing. Using a random sample of 300 English language open access journals, we assessed author guidelines to understand image requirements for submissions and open access statements to understand how journals conceive of openness and accessibility. We found that most open access journals do not include disability accessibility elements in their guidelines to authors when submitting images as part of their scholarship. While over half the journals had required parameters for image submission, none of them required alt text. And while the majority of journals included the word 'access' or 'accessibility' in their open access statements, almost none included disability or inclusion related terms.
As the Data Curation Specialist for Workflows and Big Data, you will develop and maintain workflows to support the deposit, transfer, sharing, and curation of data into Deep Blue Data or other repositories in partnership with library and campus stakeholders. You will also create or improve workflows to connect the repository with university infrastructure, such as those needed to demonstrate compliance with federal data sharing requirements. You will also serve as the primary service contact for working with and curating large (hundreds of GB or more) or complex data sets. You will be a part of the Deep Blue Repository and Research Data Services (DBRRDS) department and report to its Director.