Archive for the 'Copyright' Category

"Congress Shouldn’t Turn the Copyright Office into a Copyright Court"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on December 5th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Mitch Stoltz and Corynne McSherry have published "Congress Shouldn't Turn the Copyright Office into a Copyright Court" in Deeplinks.

Here's an excerpt:

The current bill, the "CASE Act of 2017" (H.R. 3945), would set up a "Copyright Claims Board" within the Copyright Office, staffed by three judges called "Claims Officers" and empowered to hear copyright complaints from all over the country. Proceedings at the Claims Board would be voluntary, but if a respondent fails to opt out, the proceedings become binding, and the outcome can be enforced in federal court. The Board can issue damages awards of up to $15,000 per work infringed, or $30,000 per proceeding. If the parties consent, it can also issue "agreements to cease infringing activity" that become binding injunctions.

Unfortunately, the Copyright Office has a history of putting copyright holders' interests ahead of other important legal rights and policy concerns. We fear that any small claims process the Copyright Office conducts will tend to follow that pattern.

See also: "CASE Act of 2017"

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"No, Fair! Evolving Perspectives on Excessive Use in Research"

Posted in Copyright, Libraries, Licenses, Publishing, Research Libraries on November 30th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Angela Rathmel has published "No, Fair! Evolving Perspectives on Excessive Use in Research" in ACRLog.

Here's an excerpt:

Publishers take an even heavier hand when responding to excessive use breaches. Blocking the user's IP access, or sometimes an entire campus IP range, presumes malicious intent (which it almost never is). This response also exaggerates the stakes involved and misunderstands what is necessary to perform digital research. Strict reinterpretation of print use restrictions in the online environment denies advances in research technology, from basic citation management software to APIs used for text and data mining. It also ignores the very structure of the linked-data world we live in.

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Fair Use for Nonfiction Authors

Posted in Copyright, Publishing on November 30th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The Authors Alliance has released Fair Use for Nonfiction Authors.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The guide addresses three common situations faced by nonfiction authors in which fair use may apply: 1) criticizing, discussing, or commenting on copyrighted material; 2) using copyrighted material to support a point made in the author’s work; and 3) using copyrighted material for non-consumptive research. It also addresses the most frequently asked questions about fair use and clears up some common misconceptions about when it might apply.

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"Authors Alliance & Creative Commons Launch New Termination of Transfer Tool"

Posted in Copyright, Publishing on October 13th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The Authors Alliance has released "Authors Alliance & Creative Commons Launch New Termination of Transfer Tool."

Here's an excerpt:

Termination of transfer allows creators (or, in some cases, their family members) to regain copyrights to creative works they may have signed away decades ago. Our tool helps them understand if those termination rights exist, and if not, when they may exist in the future. With rights back in hand, authors have many options for getting their works in front of new audiences, from sharing their works with the public using a Creative Commons license to negotiating new agreements with publishers.

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Lots of Institutional Repositories Keep E-prints Safe

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Research Libraries, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 12th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The seductive allure of a commercial mega repository is two-fold: (1) everything is conveniently in one place, and (2) a company is taking care of the dreary and expensive business of running it.

Everything seems fine: problem solved! That is until something goes wrong, such as the repository being bought and controlled by a publisher or being threatened by lawsuits by a coterie of publishers.

Then it's important to remember: it's a company, and companies exist to make a profit.

Heh, companies are great. I wouldn't have just had that tasty cup of coffee without them. But, we should be very clear about what motivates companies and controls their behavior. And we shouldn't be shocked if they do things that aren't motivated by lofty goals.

I know: institutional repositories are hard work. The bloom is off the rose. But they exist to serve higher education, not make money, and they part of the academic communities they serve. And they can't be bought. And their universities don't often go out of business. And there are a lot of them. And they are not likely to be attractive targets for lawsuits unless something has gone very, very wrong at the local level.

Copyright is complicated. No one is advocating that we ignore it and just shove e-prints into IR's willy-nilly. Getting faculty to understand the ins and outs of e-print copyright is no picnic, nor is monitoring for compliance. But the battle is easier to fight at the local level where one-on-one faculty to librarian communication is possible.

For self-archiving to flourish in the long run, institutional repositories must flourish. By and large, librarians establish, run, and support them, and they are the quiet heroes of green open access who will continue to provide a sustainable and reliable infrastructure for self-archiving.

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"Books from 1923 to 1941 Now Liberated!"

Posted in Copyright, Open Access, Public Domain, Publishing on October 11th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The Internet Archive has released "Books from 1923 to 1941 Now Liberated!."

Here's an excerpt:

The Internet Archive is now leveraging a little known, and perhaps never used, provision of US copyright law, Section 108h, which allows libraries to scan and make available materials published 1923 to 1941 if they are not being actively sold. Elizabeth Townsend Gard, a copyright scholar at Tulane University calls this "Library Public Domain." She and her students helped bring the first scanned books of this era available online in a collection named for the author of the bill making this necessary: The Sonny Bono Memorial Collection. Thousands more books will be added in the near future as we automate.

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"ResearchGate Backs Down"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 11th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Lindsay McKenzie has published "ResearchGate Backs Down" in Inside Higher Ed.

ResearchGate is removing "large numbers" of e-prints to comply with publisher demands.

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Coalition for Responsible Sharing’s Statement: "Publishers and Societies Take Action against ResearchGate’s Copyright Infringements"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Repositories, E-Prints, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 6th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

The Coalition for Responsible Sharing has released "Publishers and Societies Take Action against ResearchGate’s Copyright Infringements."

Here's an excerpt:

Numerous attempts to agree with ResearchGate on amicable solutions, including signing up to the Voluntary Principles of Article Sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks and implementing a user-friendly technical solution, remained unsuccessful. Members of the Coalition for Responsible Sharing are therefore now resorting to formal means to alter ResearchGate's damaging practices. The coalition members include the American Chemical Society, Brill, Elsevier, Wiley and Wolters Kluwer. These organizations will begin to issue takedown notices to ResearchGate requesting that infringing content be removed from the site. Concurrently, The American Chemical Society and Elsevier are asking the courts to clarify ResearchGate's copyright responsibility.

See also: "ResearchGate: Publishers Take Formal Steps to Force Copyright Compliance."

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"Publishers Taking Legal Action against ResearchGate to Limit Unlicensed Paper Sharing on Networking Site"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Repositories, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on October 5th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Jyllian Kemsley and Andrea Widener have published "Publishers Taking Legal Action against ResearchGate to Limit Unlicensed Paper Sharing on Networking Site" in Chemical & Engineering News.

Publishers could issue "millions" of take-down notices to ResearchGate.

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"Will Ruling in ReDigi Case Open the Door to a Used E-book Market?"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Publishing on August 24th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Andrew Albanese has published "Will Ruling in ReDigi Case Open the Door to a Used E-book Market?" in Publishers Weekly.

Here's an excerpt:

Should there be a legal market for reselling "used" digital files, like the secondary market that currently exists for books or CDs in the analog world?

Read more about Capitol Records, LLC v. ReDigi Inc.

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Lessons From History: The Copyright Office Belongs in the Library of Congress

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on August 11th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

ALA has released Lessons From History: The Copyright Office Belongs in the Library of Congress.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Prompted by persistent legislative and other proposals to remove the CO from the Library in both the current and most recent Congresses, [Alisa] Holahan's analysis comprehensively reviews the history of the locus of copyright activities from 1870 to the present day. In addition to providing a longer historical perspective, the Report finds that Congress has examined this issue at roughly 20-year intervals, declining to separate the CO and Library each time.

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"For Second Time, Appeals Court Hears GSU E-Reserves Case"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Reserves, Publishing, Research Libraries on August 5th, 2017 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Andrew Albanese has published "For Second Time, Appeals Court Hears GSU E-Reserves Case" in Publishers Weekly.

Here's an excerpt:

In the hearing, which went for just over an hour, a three-judge panel of the 11th Circuit in Atlanta, once again pressed attorneys for the fault lines in the decade-old copyright case, with much of the hearing focusing on whether Judge Orinda Evans correctly evaluated the fourth factor of the four factor fair use test (the effect on the market), and then properly weighted that factor in making her fair use determinations.

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