Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

American’ Views on Open Government Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on April 24th, 2015

The Pew Research Center has released American' Views on Open Government Data.

Here's an excerpt:

Few Americans think governments are very effective in sharing data they collect with the public:

  • Just 5% say the federal government does this very effectively, with another 39% saying the federal government does this somewhat effectively.
  • 5% say state governments share data very effectively, with another 44% saying somewhat effectively.
  • 7% say local governments share data very effectively, with another 45% responding somewhat effectively.

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    Preparing the Workforce for Digital Curation

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on April 23rd, 2015

    The National Academies Press has released Preparing the Workforce for Digital Curation .

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    The massive increase in digital information in the last decade has created new requirements arising from a deficit in the institutional and technological structures and the human capital necessary to utilize and sustain the abundance of new digital information. This National Research Council consensus study report focuses on the need for education and training in digital curation to meet the societal demands for access to and meaningful use of digital information, now and in the future. For the purposes of this study, digital curation is defined as: "The active management and enhancement of digital information assets for current and future use." This definition provided the committee with a shared understanding of the scope of digital curation. As discussed below, digital curation entails more than secure storage and preservation of digital information because curation may add value to digital information and increase its utility.

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      "Open Access Policy: Numbers, Analysis, Effectiveness"

      Posted in Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on April 13th, 2015

      A. Swan et al. have self-archived "Open Access Policy: Numbers, Analysis, Effectiveness".

      Here's an excerpt:

      The PASTEUR4OA project analyses what makes an Open Access (OA) policy effective. The total number of institutional or funder OA policies worldwide is now 663 (March 2015), over half of them mandatory. ROARMAP, the policy registry, has been rebuilt to record more policy detail and provide more extensive search functionality. Deposit rates were measured for articles in institutions' repositories and compared to the total number of WoS-indexed articles published from those institutions. Average deposit rate was over four times as high for institutions with a mandatory policy. Six positive correlations were found between deposit rates and (1) Must-Deposit; (2) Cannot-Waive-Deposit; (3) Deposit-Linked-to-Research-Evaluation; (4) Cannot-Waive-Rights-Retention; (5) Must-Make-Deposit-OA (after allowable embargo) and (6) Can-Waive-OA. For deposit latency, there is a positive correlation between earlier deposit and (7) Must-Deposit-Immediately as well as with (4) Cannot-Waive-Rights-Retention and with mandate age. There are not yet enough OA policies to test whether still further policy conditions would contribute to mandate effectiveness but the present findings already suggest that it would be useful for current and future OA policies to adopt the seven positive conditions so as to accelerate and maximise the growth of OA.

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        U.S. Smartphone Use in 2015

        Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on April 2nd, 2015

        The Pew Research Center has released U.S. Smartphone Use in 2015.

        Here's an excerpt:

        Today nearly two-thirds of Americans own a smartphone, and 19% of Americans rely to some degree on a smartphone for accessing online services and information and for staying connected to the world around them—either because they lack broadband at home, or because they have few options for online access other than their cell phone.

        Indeed, 7% of Americans own a smartphone but have neither traditional broadband service at home, nor easily available alternatives for going online other than their cell phone.

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          Altmetric Mentions and the Communication of Medical Research

          Posted in Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Metrics on March 2nd, 2015

          Digital Science has released Altmetric Mentions and the Communication of Medical Research.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Social and mainstream media mentions of research publications appear much more rapidly than conventional academic citations and are generated by a wider range of users. They therefore offer the potential for early and complementary indicators of research impact. Such indicators could also identify new kinds of economic and social impact.

          In this report we explore the relevance of such new indicators to research in medical and health sciences.

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            The Future of Library Resource Discovery

            Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, OPACs/Discovery Systems, Reports and White Papers on February 24th, 2015

            NISO has released The Future of Library Resource Discovery.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            The white paper was commissioned by NISO's Discovery to Delivery (D2D) Topic Committee as part of its ongoing examination of areas in the discovery landscape that the information community could potentially standardize. Included in the paper is an overview of the current discovery environment; descriptions of how these technologies, methodologies, and products may be able to adapt to potential future change; and a look beyond current models of discovery to explore possible alternatives, especially those related to linked data.

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              Perceptions 2014: An International Survey of Library Automation

              Posted in ILS, Reports and White Papers on February 16th, 2015

              Marshall Breeding. has released Perceptions 2014: An International Survey of Library Automation .

              Here's an excerpt:

              This eighth annual Library Automation Perceptions Report provides evaluative ratings submitted by individuals representing over three thousand libraries from 80 countries describing experiences with 154 different automation products, including both proprietary and open source systems. The survey results include 994 narrative comments providing candid statements—both positive and negative—about the products and companies involved or statements of intent regarding future automation plans. This report analyzes the results of the survey, presents a variety of statistical tables based on the data collected, and provides some initial observations. It aims to provide information to libraries as they evaluate their options for strategic technology products and to the organizations involved in providing these products and services as constructive criticism to help guide improvements.

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                NMC Horizon Report: 2015 Higher Education Edition

                Posted in Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on February 11th, 2015

                The NMC and the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative have released the NMC Horizon Report: 2015 Higher Education Edition.

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                This 12th edition describes annual findings from the NMC Horizon Project, an ongoing research project designed to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have an impact on learning, teaching, and creative inquiry in education. Six key trends, six significant challenges, and six important developments in educational technology are identified across three adoption horizons over the next one to five years, giving campus leaders and practitioners a valuable guide for strategic technology planning. The report aims to provide these leaders with more in-depth insight into how the trends and challenges are accelerating and impeding the adoption of educational technology, along with their implications for policy, leadership and practice.

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                  COAR Roadmap: Future Directions for Repository Interoperability

                  Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Reports and White Papers on February 6th, 2015

                  COAR has released COAR Roadmap: Future Directions for Repository Interoperability.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  Scholarly communication is undergoing fundamental changes, in particular with new requirements for open access to research outputs, new forms of peer-review, and alternative methods for measuring impact. In parallel, technical developments, especially in communication and interface technologies facilitate bi-directional data exchange across related applications and systems. The aim of this roadmap is to identify important trends and their associated action points in order for the repository community to determine priorities for further investments in interoperability.

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                    Bibliometric Study on Dutch Open Access

                    Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on January 28th, 2015

                    The Government of the Netherlands has released Bibliometric Study on Dutch Open Access.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    In this text we will primarily focus on the way Open Access (OA from now on) publications are represented in the Web of Science database. We have collected data for this analysis in two different ways, which leads to different perspectives on OA publishing in the Netherlands. We focus on the output of three smaller scientific nations in Europe, next to the Netherlands we focus on Denmark and Switzerland, as these countries do contest the scientific runner up positions globally after the USA, and are more or less of comparable volume in economic terms.

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                      Policy Recommendations for Open Access to Research Data

                      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Reports and White Papers on January 20th, 2015

                      The RECODE project has released Policy Recommendations for Open Access to Research Data.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      These policy recommendations are targeted at key stakeholders in the scholarly communication ecosystem, namely research funders, research institutions, data managers, and publishers. They will assist each of the stakeholders in furthering the goals of open access to research data by providing both over-arching and stakeholder-specific recommendations. These function, as suggestions to address and attend to central issues that RECODE identified through the research work.

                      The current report thus comprises:

                      • summary of project findings
                      • overarching recommendations
                      • targeted policy recommendations for funders, research institutions, data managers, and publishers
                      • practical guides for developing policies for funders, research institutions, data managers, and publishers
                      • resources to expedite the process of policy development and implementation among stakeholders

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                        Making Open Access Work for Authors, Institutions and Publishers

                        Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals on January 19th, 2015

                        The Copyright Clearance Center has released Making Open Access Work for Authors, Institutions and Publishers.

                        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                        Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. (CCC), a global licensing and content solutions organization, recently brought together institutions from the UK and publishers from both the US and UK for an Open Access roundtable discussion to explore the implications of managing Open Access fees on a large scale. During this meeting, held at University College in London, the attendees examined a number of issues related to fragmentation, approach and processes, including ways vendors can play an expanded role in addressing the challenges. CCC published the group's findings in a report written by Rob Johnson, Founder and Director of Research Consulting.

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