Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

Enquiries Into Intellectual Property’s Economic Impact

Posted in Copyright, Open Access, Reports and White Papers on August 28th, 2015

OECD has released Enquiries Into Intellectual Property's Economic Impact.

Here's an excerpt from "Chapter 7: Legal Aspects of Open Access to Publicly Funded Research":

To explain the interplay between open access and IP laws, this chapter provides an overview of the IP regimes that protect research outputs in a sample of OECD jurisdictions. It then reviews the open access policies that are in place in some of those jurisdictions and examines two contexts in which IP questions can arise when open access principles are applied: public/private partnerships and text and data mining.

Also of interest: "Chapter 5: Copyright in the Digital Era: Country Studies."

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    Americans’ Views on Mobile Etiquette

    Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on August 27th, 2015

    The Pew Research Center has released Americans' Views on Mobile Etiquette.

    Here's an excerpt:

    This Pew Research Center report explores newly released survey findings about Americans' views about the appropriateness of cellphone use in public places and in social gatherings and the way those views sometimes conflict with their own behaviors.

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      Copyright Reform for a Digital Economy

      Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Legislation and Government Regulation, Reports and White Papers on August 27th, 2015

      The Computer & Communications Industry Association, has released Copyright Reform for a Digital Economy.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Congress can accommodate new technology innovation by:

      (a) ensuring that fair use, which is integral to the fabric of the Copyright Act, remains a central consideration in any legislative effort;

      (b) preserving the first sale doctrine to ensure that contractual restrictions do not limit the free movement of goods in the economy as more products increasingly incorporate digital components; and

      (c) reforming the licensing landscape to ensure greater transparency as to copyright ownership and to better police against anticompetitive conduct, particularly where rights ownership is highly concentrated, and reforming Copyright Office functions to improve the quality and public availability of data about copyrighted works.

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        "NIH Approves Strategic Vision to Transform National Library of Medicine"

        Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on July 23rd, 2015

        National Institutes of Health Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., today approved a federal report (PDF – 163KB) that lays out the long-term scientific vision for the NIH’s National Library of Medicine (NLM), the world’s largest biomedical library. This vision, presented today at the 110th meeting of the Advisory Committee to the Director (ACD), calls for NIH to position the NLM as a unifying force in biomedicine that promotes and accelerates knowledge generation, dissemination and understanding in the United States and internationally. The report also cites the need to make NLM the epicenter for biomedical data science, not just at NIH, but across the biomedical research enterprise. In addition, the report recommends dramatically expanding NLM’s activities to include research conducted beyond NIH’s walls to funded institutions, enabling it to have a greater and wider impact on data science than ever before. NIH plans to work with Congress to implement the necessary infrastructure changes to move this vision forward.

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          Mapping the Digital Divide

          Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on July 20th, 2015

          The Council of Economic Advisers, an agency within the Executive Office of the President, has released Mapping the Digital Divide.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Overall, the evidence shows that we have made progress, with the largest gains occurring for those groups that started with the least. While this suggests the beginning of convergence toward uniformly high levels of access and adoption, there is still a substantial distance to go, particularly in our poorest neighborhoods and most rural communities, to ensure that all Americans can take advantage of the opportunities created by recent advances in computing and communications technology.

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            RDM Workflows and Integrations for HEIs Using Hosted Services

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on July 14th, 2015

            Arkivum has released RDM Workflows and Integrations for HEIs Using Hosted Services.

            Here's an excerpt:

            This report aims to look at what workflows are typically in place, where the gaps are, and how hosted RDM services could help fill these gaps or simplify the processes. In particular, this report aims to:

            • Describe the workflows/processes involved when researchers and institutions use or operate RDM infrastructure (tools, services, platforms).
            • Provide practical examples of how RDM workflows are implemented and supported at a range of UK Higher Education Institutions, including integration of systems/tools.
            • Define/compare the strengths/weaknesses when using hosted RDM infrastructure, onsite infrastructure or a combination.

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              The Metric Tide: Report of the Independent Review of the Role of Metrics in Research Assessment and Management

              Posted in Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Metrics on July 10th, 2015

              The Higher Education Funding Council for England has released The Metric Tide: Report of the Independent Review of the Role of Metrics in Research Assessment and Management.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Our report starts by tracing the history of metrics in research management and assessment, in the UK and internationally. It looks at the applicability of metrics within different research cultures, compares the peer review system with metric-based alternatives, and considers what balance might be struck between the two. It charts the development of research management systems within institutions, and examines the effects of the growing use of quantitative indicators on different aspects of research culture, including performance management, equality, diversity, interdisciplinarity, and the 'gaming' of assessment systems. The review looks at how different funders are using quantitative indicators, and considers their potential role in research and innovation policy.

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                Stewardship of the Evolving Scholarly Record: From the Invisible Hand to Conscious Coordination

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Communication on July 6th, 2015

                OCLC Research has released Stewardship of the Evolving Scholarly Record: From the Invisible Hand to Conscious Coordination.

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                Key highlights include:

                • As the scholarly record continues to evolve, conscious coordination will become an important organizing principle for stewardship models.
                • Past stewardship models were built on an "invisible hand" approach that relied on the uncoordinated, institution-scale efforts of individual academic libraries acting autonomously to maintain local collections.
                • Future stewardship of the evolving scholarly record requires conscious coordination of context, commitments, specialization, and reciprocity.
                • With conscious coordination, local stewardship efforts leverage scale by collecting more of less.
                • Keys to conscious coordination include right-scaling consolidation, cooperation, and community mix.
                • Reducing transaction costs and building trust facilitate conscious coordination.
                • Incentives to participate in cooperative stewardship activities should be linked to broader institutional priorities.

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                  Institutional ORCID Implementation and Cost-Benefit Analysis Report

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Reports and White Papers on May 19th, 2015

                  JISC has released the Institutional ORCID Implementation and Cost-Benefit Analysis Report .

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  In May 2014, Jisc and ARMA commissioned eight HEI ORCID Pilot projects to support the broader use of ORCID unique researcher identifiers (ORCID iDs) in UK higher education. Information Power Ltd and Research Consulting Ltd were commissioned to prepare this report on the results of the eight pilot projects in order to:

                  • Inform how ORCID is implemented in UK HEIs;
                  • Enable institutional managers to build a business case for ORCID adoption in HEIs; and
                  • Encourage wider adoption of ORCID IDs

                  The report is based on semi-structured interviews with the Jisc-ARMA ORCID pilot projects and other research community stakeholders conducted either face-to-face or through telephone/Skype interviews, attendance at the September 2014 and January 2015 pilot project workshops and desk-based review of other relevant evidence.

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                    Scholarly Output Assessment Activities, SPEC Kit 346

                    Posted in ARL Libraries, OPACs/Discovery Systems, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on May 6th, 2015

                    ARL has released Scholarly Output Assessment Activities, SPEC Kit 346 .

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    This SPEC Kit explores current ARL member library activities that help authors manage their scholarly identities, provide options for creating and disseminating scholarly outputs, offer strategies to enhance discoverability of scholarly outputs, help authors efficiently track scholarly outputs and impact, provide resources and tools to help authors assess their scholarly impact, create publication reports and social network maps for reporting purposes, and offer guidance and training on new trends and tools for reporting of impact. This study covers library assessment services and resources, training, staffing models, partnerships with the parent institution, marketing and publicity, and future trends.

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                      Disrupting the Subscription Journals’ Business Model for the Necessary Large-Scale Transformation to Open Access

                      Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals on April 29th, 2015

                      The Max Planck Digital Library has released Disrupting the Subscription Journals' Business Model for the Necessary Large-Scale Transformation to Open Access .

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      This paper makes the strong, fact-based case for a large-scale transformation of the current corpus of scientific subscription journals to an open access business model. The existing journals, with their well-tested functionalities, should be retained and developed to meet the demands of 21st century research, while the underlying payment streams undergo a major restructuring. There is sufficient momentum for this decisive push towards open access publishing. The diverse existing initiatives must be coordinated so as to converge on this clear goal. The international nature of research implies that this transformation will be achieved on a truly global scale only through a consensus of the world's most eminent research organizations. All the indications are that the money already invested in the research publishing system is sufficient to enable a transformation that will be sustainable for the future. There needs to be a shared understanding that the money currently locked in the journal subscription system must be withdrawn and re-purposed for open access publishing services. The current library acquisition budgets are the ultimate reservoir for enabling the transformation without financial or other risks. The goal is to preserve the established service levels provided by publishers that are still requested b y researchers, while redefining and reorganizing the necessary payment streams. By disrupting the underlying business model, the viability of journal publishing can be preserved and put on a solid footing for the scholarly developments of the future.

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                        American’ Views on Open Government Data

                        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on April 24th, 2015

                        The Pew Research Center has released American' Views on Open Government Data.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        Few Americans think governments are very effective in sharing data they collect with the public:

                        • Just 5% say the federal government does this very effectively, with another 39% saying the federal government does this somewhat effectively.
                        • 5% say state governments share data very effectively, with another 44% saying somewhat effectively.
                        • 7% say local governments share data very effectively, with another 45% responding somewhat effectively.

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