Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

2014 Open Data Index

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access on December 10th, 2014

Open Knowledge has published the 2014 Open Data Index.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The Index ranks countries based on the availability and accessibility of information in ten key areas, including government spending, election results, transport timetables, and pollution levels.

The UK topped the 2014 Index retaining its pole position with an overall score of 96%, closely followed by Denmark and then France at number 3 up from 12th last year. Finland comes in 4th while Australia and New Zealand share the 5th place. Impressive results were seen from India at #10 (up from #27) and Latin American countries like Colombia and Uruguay who came in joint 12th.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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    The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition)

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 5th, 2014

    The Digital Preservation Coalition has released The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition).

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    Emphasising its flexibility and conceptual nature, the report describes the OAIS, its core principles and functional elements, as well as the information model which support long-term preservation, access and understandability of data – highlighting the in-built level of abstraction which makes it such a widely applicable foundation resource for digital preservation.

    Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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      Fedora 4 Production Release

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Fedora, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Open Source Software on December 5th, 2014

      The international Fedora repository community and DuraSpace have released the Fedora 4 production release.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      This significant release signals the effectiveness of an international and complex community source project in delivering a modern repository platform with features that meet or exceed current use cases in the management of institutional digital assets. Fedora 4 features include vast improvements in scalability, linked data capabilities, research data support, modularity, ease of use and more.

      Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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        "Ensuring Research Integrity: The Role of Data Management in Current Crises"

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Research Libraries on December 4th, 2014

        Heather Coates has published Ensuring Research Integrity: The Role of Data Management in Current Crises in College & Research Libraries News.

        Here's an excerpt:

        Acknowledging responsible data management as foundational for research integrity is not sufficient. We need to value the processes and products of research equally by: 1) creating incentives for responsible management of data, 2) developing standards and practices for peer review that balance evaluation of methodological quality and research integrity with potential impact, and 3) carefully considering the resources necessary to responsibly manage and preserve newly created data for five-to-ten years after publication.

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          "Nevermind the Data, Where Are the Protocols?"

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science on November 19th, 2014

          David Crotty has published "Nevermind the Data, Where Are the Protocols?" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

          This is more complicated than you might think. The smallest variations in technique or reagents can lead to major differences in results. The scant information offered by most journals' Materials and Methods sections makes replication fairly impossible. Often when describing a technique, an author will merely cite a previous paper where they used that technique…which also cites a previous paper, which also cites a previous paper and the wild goose chase is on. Methodologies evolve over time, and even if you can track down the original source of the technique, it likely has changed a great deal over the years.

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            Open Science Commons

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science on November 13th, 2014

            The European Grid Infrastructure has released Open Science Commons.

            Here's an excerpt:

            With this paper, the European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) proposes the Open Science Commons as a new approach to digital research, tackling policy challenges and embracing open science as a new paradigm for knowledge creation and collaboration. EGI invites organisations from the research landscape to join it in this journey to develop these concepts, and through them to advance the implementation of the European Research Area.

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              Guideline for Preservation Planning: Procedural Model and Implementation (English Translation)

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on November 12th, 2014

              Nestor has released an English translation of version 2.0 of its Guideline for Preservation Planning: Procedural Model and Implementation.

              Here's an excerpt:

              The guideline for preservation planning describes a procedural model for the long-term archiving of digital objects and provides information on possible forms of implementation. It serves above all as a theoretical and practical implementation of the "Preservation Planning" functional unit of the OAIS reference model. Other key concepts introduced in the last 15 years have been included and brought together.

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                "Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities"

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 7th, 2014

                Katherine G. Akers et al. have published "Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Academic research libraries are quickly developing support for research data management (RDM), including both new services and infrastructure. Here, we tell the stories of how eight different universities have developed programs of RDM support, focusing on the prominent role of the library in educating and assisting researchers with managing their data throughout the research lifecycle. Based on these stories, we construct timelines for each university depicting key steps in building support for RDM, and we discuss similarities and dissimilarities among universities in motivation to provide RDM support, collaborations among campus units, assessment of needs and services, and changes in staffing.

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                  Registering Researchers in Authority Files

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on October 28th, 2014

                  OCLC Research has released Registering Researchers in Authority Files.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  Registering researchers in some type of authority file or identifier system has become more compelling as both institutions and researchers recognize the need to compile their scholarly output. The report presents functional requirements and recommendations for six stakeholders: researchers, funders, university administrators, librarians, identity management systems and aggregators (including publishers). It also provides an overview of the researcher identifier landscape, changes in the field, emerging trends, and opportunities.

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                    UNC SILS Gets $750,000 Mellon Foundation Grant for BitCurator Access Project

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on October 23rd, 2014

                    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's School of Information and Library Science has been given a$ 750,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation for its BitCurator Access Project.

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    The BitCurator Access project will develop open-source software that supports the provision of access to disk images through three exploratory approaches: (1) building tools to support web-based services, (2) enabling the export of file systems and associated metadata, (3) and the use of emulation environments. Also closely associated with these access goals is redaction. BitCurator Access will develop tools to redact files, file system metadata, and targeted bitstreams within disks or directories.

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                      DataONE Gets $15 Million NSF Grant

                      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Grants on October 13th, 2014

                      DataONE has received a $15 million grant from the NSF.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      Founded in 2009 by the National Science Foundation (NSF), DataONE was designed to provide both the tools and infrastructure for organizing and serving up vast amounts of scientific data, in addition to building an engaged community and developing openly available educational resources.

                      Accomplishments from the last five years include making over 260,000 publicly available data and metadata objects accessible through the DataONE search engine and building a growing network of 22 national and international data repositories. DataONE has published more than 74 papers, reached over 2,000 individuals via direct training events and workshops and connects with over 60,000 visitors annually via the website.

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                        "Codifying Collegiality: Recent Developments in Data Sharing Policy in the Life Sciences "

                        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Legislation and Government Regulation, Publishing on September 30th, 2014

                        Genevieve Pham-Kanter et al. have published "Codifying Collegiality: Recent Developments in Data Sharing Policy in the Life Sciences " in PLOS ONE.

                        Over the last decade, there have been significant changes in data sharing policies and in the data sharing environment faced by life science researchers. Using data from a 2013 survey of over 1600 life science researchers, we analyze the effects of sharing policies of funding agencies and journals. We also examine the effects of new sharing infrastructure and tools (i.e., third party repositories and online supplements). We find that recently enacted data sharing policies and new sharing infrastructure and tools have had a sizable effect on encouraging data sharing. In particular, third party repositories and online supplements as well as data sharing requirements of funding agencies, particularly the NIH and the National Human Genome Research Institute, were perceived by scientists to have had a large effect on facilitating data sharing. In addition, we found a high degree of compliance with these new policies, although noncompliance resulted in few formal or informal sanctions. Despite the overall effectiveness of data sharing policies, some significant gaps remain: about one third of grant reviewers placed no weight on data sharing plans in their reviews, and a similar percentage ignored the requirements of material transfer agreements. These patterns suggest that although most of these new policies have been effective, there is still room for policy improvement.

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